Community Health Assessment- Goals and Objectives
Community health assessment- goals and objectives
Community health assessment is an imperative exercise to establish factors affecting the city’s inhabitants’ health and develop an intervention to counter the challenges. Hence, the primary goal of the community health analysis is to enhance the awareness within the community based on the association of the components that determines health, public health, and the prosperity of Las Vegas, Nevada. According to the health committee meetings’ findings, there was no consensus comprehension of what entails public health in Las Vegas, Nevada. Community health is impacted by various factors encompassing the socioeconomic and physical environments, coupled with the individual conducts. Therefore, operative intervention is critical for a positive impact on community health. However, developing and enhancing the socioeconomic influencers forms the primary concern that impacts the community health and the general wellbeing. The socioeconomic status instrumentally determines the access of the community. Therefore, it is fundamental to develop sustainable, workable systems that aim to assist the community in accessing quality healthcare services. Henceforth, these goals will significantly help establish inequitable enhancement accessibility of healthcare provision to enable the inhabitants of Las Vegas, Nevada, to get affordable and quality health care services.
Strategies and Interventions for the community health’s issues
Mental health is a critical aspect of the quality of wellbeing for the Las Vegas, Nevada inhabitants. Hence intervention to reduce mental problems is imperative in enhancing improved health outcomes. Public health can perform a fundamental role in reducing the prevalence of mental problems by screening for depression among city residents (CDC, 2018). This activity is significant as it enables the clinical providers to establish a management plan before the condition worsens, which may burden the health care services. Besides, the primary care provision, patient education, and administration of antidepressant medications are fundamental in managing mental health. Notably, mental health presents significant effects on individual thinking, mood, and behaviors (Feth, 2017)
Consequently, mental issues, such as depression, hasten to develop various types of diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, and stroke. Equally, these chronic health conditions predispose the community to the threats of developing and increasing the incidence of mental health problems (CDC, 2018). Hence mental challenges have various triggers such as adverse experience at an early age of development, chronic health conditions, alcohol usage, drug abuse, and low socioeconomic status.
Studies have shown that persons with low socioeconomic status experience mental problems due to lack of access to primary care, insurance cover, and the prerequisites for quality health outcomes. Therefore, interventions that focus on socioeconomic status would significantly be pivotal in management and attaining improved mental health (Ghimire et al., 2018). As such, the city’s executive can develop a workable strategy that promotes education in the community, creating employment that supports access to health care services. Hence, the accessibility to primary care enhances reduction in chronic health conditions, which helps to reduce mental health challenges. Further, education is an instrumental tool in promoting good health in a society since it provides the citizens with the knowledge to choose a healthy lifestyle that encourages quality life with reduced levels of chronic health disorders that may propagate mental challenges and also enabling the community to educate others on the importance of having a sound mind, and the economic development of a society.
On the other hand, enhancement of health equity can only occur when the inhabitants of Las Vegas, Nevada, are provided with similar opportunities for having a healthy life standard. Therefore, this can only be achieved by ensuring the community has insurance health cover that enables them to access the primary care providers. However, healthy wellbeing is often determined by the socioeconomic status of the community residents, racial disparities, ethnicity, and sexual orientation (Bosworth, 2018). As such, health disparities originate from inequalities in the distribution of social enhancers of standard health. These social enhancers or health determinants encompass education that enables the citizens to make healthy choices, housing that promotes protection and security, and the environment that provides fresh air, reducing disease resulting from air pollution.
Conversely, the accessibility to means of transportation promotes access to medical care services, while employment provides the financial freedom that enables the inhabitants to obtain the health insurance cover that allows access to primary care. Also, the public health systems and policies play a pivotal role in ensuring the citizens have access to affordable care services that promote healthy wellbeing. These social influencers of health significantly impact the individuals’ capacity to obtain a quality living, working in a conducive environment.
Henceforth, interventions, such as those that reduce health disparities based on the ethnic groups and population, low socioeconomic status, can promote access to affordable healthcare, which is fundamental in ensuring the community has quality health standards. Moreover, intervention to promote community health care access significantly helps in reducing the mortality rates that would have originated from the chronic health conditions that worsen due to lack of proper medical care. Based on CDC, 2021, the data shows that access to affordable healthcare is critical in enhancing health care services in a community. Hence the efforts by the Las Vegas, Nevada executive can fundamentally help to realize the success of quality health among the inhabitants.
Barriers to the Selection of Strategies
Policies that sanction funding present a significant influence on operations of the public health setup and the means of meeting the population’s health needs. Hence most of the barriers to improving the health status of Las Vegas city navigates around the city’s funding policies. The unavailability of adequate funds allocated to the health sector, educational activities, and the associated sectors are the primary strategic concerns that need to be addressed to improve Las Vegas, Nevada’s community health based on the barriers to funding to advance community health in the city (Rangel Gómez et al. 2019). According to the inhabitants and the stakeholders’ assessment, various shortfalls and threats when conducting the community Theme and Strength analyses exist, in which most of the shortcomings may be changed by enabling policy changes (Pharr, Kachen & Cross, 2019). However, establishing a large scale influences the community population, and the health of the residents depends on collaborations from all the community health stakeholders. Thus, there is a need to coordinate the policies to effectively aid the Las Vegas inhabitants to accomplish their concerning issues associated with the health goals and their objectives. Therefore, Las Vegas, Nevada has developed strategies and opportunities that provide education to the community and ensure the policy developers prioritize quality health provisions.
Strategy Selection and Adoption
Developing and selecting a strategy for adoption plays a fundamental role in achieving the goals and objectives of the community health assessment. Therefore, the community health stakeholders must identify the leading themes that emerge the significant issues impacting the community health based on the community health assessment on the priority sectors that affect the health of the residents. Therefore, it is essential to focus on improving health outcomes (Herold et al. 2020). Essentially, strategizing on promoting access to equitable, affordable, and quality health care services to the Las Vegas, Nevada community is the main measurable objective that facilitates improved health outcomes. Hence, assigning each of the objectives plans to a specific entity essentially helps to adopt an actionable strategy, which permits accountability.
Conversely, based on the impacts of the community health assessment, the leading objectives envisage coordinating the strategies and efforts that may be significant in realizing the Las Vegas, Nevada community health (Herold et al. 2020). Thus, laying the foundation that addresses the most problematic public health concerns that face Las Vegas city. Consequently, solving the health problems in the community experience various challenges hence calls for an operative plan and the will of the community health stakeholders to promote health progress.
Significantly, process objective forms a critical component of the community health assessment. These objectives greatly help public health develop an intervention that helps solve the strategic issues affecting the Las Vegas population health, such as accessing primary health care services. This low socioeconomic status hinders access to care services and mental health problems—all these problems in Las Vegas adversely affects the quality of life. Notably, the process objectives target identifying the health-associated needs, health enhancers, and strengths of Las Vegas, Nevada (Herold et al. 2020). Similarly, identifying the leading health priorities in the city and the feasible strategies that require implementation in a collaborative design to achieve the public health process objectives. Hence, the Las Vegas Nevada assessment provides a comprehensive analysis of the city, develops, implements, and examines the action plan. However, it requires a collaboration of the city’s public health system associates to ensure the success of the process objectives in providing the city’s population has access to the quality care services that result in improved health outcomes.
Bosworth, B. (2018). Increasing disparities in mortality by socioeconomic status. Annual review of public health, 39, 237-251.
CDC. (2021). Health equity. The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). https://www.thecommunityguide.org/topic/health-equity?page=1CDC. (2018, December 12). Learn about mental health. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/mentalhealth/learn/index.htm
Ghimire, S., Cheong, P., Sagadraca, L., Chien, L. C., & Sy, F. S. (2018). A health needs assessment of the Filipino American community in the Greater Las Vegas area. Health equity, 2(1), 334-348.Feth, L. (2017). Postpartum Depression Educational Intervention.
Herold, T. D., Engel, R. S., Corsaro, N., & Clouse, S. L. (2020). Place Network Investigations in Las Vegas, Nevada: Program Review and Process Evaluation.
Pharr, J. R., Kachen, A., & Cross, C. (2019). Health disparities among sexual gender minority women in the United States: a population-based study. Journal of community health, 44(4), 721-728.
Rangel Gómez, M. G., López Jaramillo, A. M., Svarch, A., Tonda, J., Lara, J., Anderson, E. J., & Rosales, C. (2019). Together for health: an initiative to access health services for the Hispanic/Mexican population living in the United States. Frontiers in public health, 7, 273.