1 Good evening Class, Professor, This week we learned about Methodological Theory

Good evening Class, Professor, 
     This week we learned about Methodological Theory and other types of research.  Some of the reasons we include methodological theory in our research include: thinking about the overall purpose of our research, how we conduct it, assumptions we have, and an understanding of why we are conducting said research, (Locke, et. al., 2010).  As a generalization, this is to say the theory itself is a way of thinking about how we are researching.  Whether based on traditional or innovative methods, there is surely room for observation here.  After all, isn’t this in itself akin to research at some level- making note of existing paradigms and looking for others?
     The purpose of this way of thinking could be summed up through referencing a parallel to the conduct of science.  With a better understanding of the way the world is working around us (or with us), we can potentially increase other areas of productivity.  The same could be said for research.  Our readings give us an example of quantitative vs. qualitative research.
     With only one or the other serving as the baseline for study, collected data may be one-sided.  For instance, quantitative would only answer what kind or how many.  As an appreciation for the social sciences grew, qualitative research offered answers that quantitive could not- such as how and why.  Now, it could be said this was born out of necessity; however, without methodological theory, there may not have been an inquiry in the first place.  Therefore, research today has benefitted from this acceptance of a “hybrid-theory,” and results are offering more of both quantitative as well as qualitative data.
     The inquiry paradigms themselves do a great job of explaining these unique relationships further.  This is to say that the realization data is not one dimensional, offers room to philosophize further in depth with regard to research.  These paradigms are: “the reality (ontology), the relationship between the reality and the researcher (epistemology), and the methods for studying the reality (methodologies),” (Punch, 2016).  As these connections were explored further, ways of “rethinking” about research began to evolve.  This has led to some of paradigms we have today.
     Some of these paradigms include positivism, interpretivism, and constructivism.  Positivism can be categorized as largely quantitative, while the latter two are more qualitative.  Constructivism is actually a type of interpretivism (one of four, to be exact).  The preceding four are considered traditional.  Why this is important is because with a better understanding of what each type can provide, the researcher can potentially produce better results.  Interestingly, this is the methodological theory in a nutshell.  These broad classifications are simply another way to understand the ontology.
Great discussion this week.  See you in class.
Have a good evening, 
Josh Kovar
Liliya Stowell
Methodological theory which literally means the theory of method is usually used in research to set guidance and help researchers with the articulation of the methods, theories, and practices they will be using throughout a research paper to answer the research question. Basically, it’s a philosophy or theory about the different methods of inquiry researchers use to carry out their research. Methodological theory usually serves as a guidance map to a paper and helps with connecting and unification of all the literature used within the research. This theory helps to show how all the research data and literature is working together in a particular study.
The paradigms of inquiry can be distinguished through their ontology, epistemology, and methodology.1 Research methods are essentially based on paradigms, or in another words, assumptions about how research can be carried out. Inquiry paradigms are showing researchers’ ideas of how his inquiry is designed in the research process. Lincoln and Guba (2000) categorize types of paradigms of inquiry as: Positivism, Post-Positivism, Critical Theory, Constructivist, and Participatory approaches.2 Inquiry paradigms help researchers to define social phenomenon. It’s of great importance to observe these paradigms since they have a direct impact on the research questions that researchers may work on, and in turn, the methods used to answer those questions. Essentially, inquiry paradigms allow researchers to approach the same research study with different methods and assures different interpretations of the theory. It allows researchers to conclude their theory based on broader views of the same question from different perspectives