1. Selection of Authors: Franzen, Alexie, Oates, or Wallace (You CANNOT use

1. Selection of Authors: Franzen, Alexie, Oates, or Wallace (You CANNOT use the Song Diagnostic)
2. Length of Paper (4-5 pages in length, Must be at least 4 full pages, Times New Roman or Ariel, 12 point font)
3. Paper will be checked for Plagiarism (ANY plagiarism will mean automatically failure of the class). This includes any phrasing, sentences or Grammerly help (changing words on an essay already published, or an Amazon review, or notes on SparkNotes.com or a paper online is PLAGIARISM. You will fail the class).
4. Paper must be UPLOADED as a Word Document. Please CONVERT all Google Docs, PDF’s and Pages to Word (.docx). PAYING ATTENTION to DIRECTIONS is also an important aspect of college life and of life in general. Nothing annoys job prospects more than when prospective employees do not do what is expected on them.
5. DIRECTIONS: Compiling all of your notes on my extensive commentary and suggestions on your Discussion Boards, write a 4-5 pages ANALYSIS or ARGUMENT https://penandthepad.com/difference-analytical-argumentative-thesis-statement-8017.html and/or https://www.referencepointsoftware.com/the-differences-between-an-analytical-and-an-argumentative-paper/ paper, with evidence (quotes of support from the entirety of a reading) of support PROVING your analysis. Your drafting has already been done (which is the point of those earlier Freewrites), in the form of your Discussion Boards and Drafts. USE THESE to start drafting your essay and your ideas. Do not summarize (which is telling me what a story is about) (Week 4 has a folder which includes many websites that address the difference between Summary and Analysis); I want analysis (a breakdown of the elements or ideas of a story) or argument (proving something). You can and should use some of the questions asked for the journals.
For example, an essay could tackle and analyze the lack of parenting (this essay would explain what is happening with the parents and why they neglect their child and what this means for a society that ignores her pain) in Joyce Carol Oates “I.D,” an essay could make an argument that Jackson Jackson’s “invisibility” in society and make an argument for WHY he’s made invisible or HOW he’s made invisible, an essay could examine (ANALYSIS) the difficulties of achieving the American Dream (in either Jonathan Franzen’s “The Hissing of Summer Lawns” or Sherman Alexie’s “What I Pawn, You Will Redeem”), or it can make an ARGUMENT that the American Dream is an illusion (built on illusions or a “house of cards” which is definitely Ken and Joan’s place). A paper could examine the hypocrisy of religion or faith in David Foster Wallace’s “Good People” (by the way, he is deliberately being sarcastic about what “good people” exist; so, understanding “tone” in a story is important and something YOU CAN POINT OUT in an ANALYSIS). So many possibilities from the four stories you read. Additionally, you can USE any of the prompts given (in the DB’s and Journals of the authors; though not the DB’s related to photos etc.) to write this paper. The paper’s FOCUS must be on the four authors I mention above and their short stories. 
(50%) Paper must have a clear Introduction (with a THESIS STATEMENT), 2-4 supporting arguments and a conclusion. 
(25%) Paper must include evidence (quotes of support from the text). There must be evidence that a student read the assignment thoroughly (from beginning to end) and made an effort to understand the IDEAS of the story (or poem) or text. They must incorporate and explain these quotes correctly throughout their essay. They will not leave quotes hanging or unexplained and their grade here will be determined on the quality of quotes (plural) chosen, as well as their usage in the essay. (Do not shortchange me or overwhelm me with quotes)
(25%) Paper must have all grammatical and mechanical issues addressed. Paper must have transitional phrases, correct tenses, a clear point-of-view (not multiple ones) etc. (Sloppy papers will receive lower grades; students must understand that revision is part of the process and they must read and re-read and revise their papers LOOKING for these kinds of errors. Do I have spelling errors? Transitional phrases? Topic sentences? Etc.
A summary-based paper submitted generally receives an Average grade, which is a C. A summary-based paper submitted that does not speak to the material very well may receive a lower score. There is NOTHING wrong with writing one of these and students should do this if they feel comfortable writing one of these. In addition, sometimes students write sophisticated summaries; which are summary-based papers, with occasional moments of insight (which may receive slightly higher scores; depending on how well written).
It is important to remember that GRADES are based on a COMBINATION on both WRITING and THOUGHT. A well-written paper that struggles with ideas may get a higher grade. A badly written paper with strong ideas may receive a lower grade. Which is why it is so vital to start early and to REVISE and REVISE. It is also important to remember that you cannot casually turn in a paper where you simply write out whatever you want (with grammatical and mechanical and structural errors; I saw some of these in Discussion Board postings). A formal essay is exactly that: FORMAL and it requires students to WORK hard on it; which means, making sure to really put forth a STRONG THESIS, SUPPORTING ARGUMENTS, FIND EVIDENCE IN A STORY you read MORE THAN ONCE and then ANALYZE and then ANALYZE some more.
Here is a basic structure:
Story, Facts, Statistics, General to Specific
THESIS IDEA (with a very specific idea to PROVE or to ANALYZE)
Supporting Argument #1
Individual paragraphs need TOPIC SENTENCES, explanations, evidence, and analysis.
Supporting Argument #2
Supporting Argument #3
Possible “Ideas” for Franzen Story:
American Dream, Hum-Drum reality of the middle-class existence, Hard-work, Keeping up with the Joneses and cost of the dream, living beyond ones means, privilege
Possible Questions for Alexie Story:
Make an argument for the many ways in which the main character of the story is “disappearing” from society. (For this assignment, it is important to point out a variety of ways and show evidence of such ways from the story).
In what ways does Alexis analyze what society has done to Native American culture? Who does he suggest is responsible?
How does the story reflect on and analyze the value (or lack thereof) of money?
Make an argument for why it was important for Jackson Jackson to get back the regalia.
Possible Questions for Oates Story:
What argument does Oates make about the hurry to “grow up”?
What criticism does Oates offer about parenting?
Why does Lisette think she is “grown-up” and what proof do we have that she is not? 
What is Lisette “angry” about?
How does the story elucidate subtle realities of gender?
Possible Questions for Wallace Story:
Possible Questions for Wallace Story:
There was some evidence (in those who have researched Wallace) that he did not have faith at all. If so, what do you think the text suggests about faith?
In what ways does the text suggest a critique about faith and religion? How does Wallace suggest that faith cannot always protect you from the realities of life? Which realities?
How does the text show that one can have spirituality, not necessarily faith?
David Foster Wallace was concerned that writers and people alike were ducking the “deep questions” of life. What do you believe are these “deep” questions?