2 HIS100-31 July 20th, 2021 Russian Revolution Causality Summary Causes of the

2
HIS100-31
July 20th, 2021
Russian Revolution Causality Summary
Causes of the 1917 Russian Revolution
Bloody Sunday
One of the essential underlying causes is the 1905 bloody Sunday massacre of unarmed protestors which led to the Russian revolution. The event of the bloody Sunday massacre was a catalyst to the revolution (Richards, 2004, 39). A group of Russian workers and their families protested to present a petition to plea their justice, and the Tsar’s troops responded by firing them. The massacre resulted in revolutionary movements where workers and professionals would meet to discuss their needs.
The defeat in the Russo-Japanese War
The defeat in the Russo-Japanese was a precipitating cause of the Russian revolution. However, the defeats in the Russo war in 1905 raised questions on the effectiveness of the Tsarist government (Richards, 39). Therefore, the defeat in the Japanese war led to rising unrest which influenced the Russian revolution. The humiliating defeat of 1905 resulted in Tsar Nicholas’s war to restore the prestige lost during the Russo-Japanese defeat. In addition, most of the Japanese citizens viewed Czar as an incompetent leader after the defeat.
Autocracy
The widespread suffering of the Russian people under the autocracy was also an underlying cause of the Russian revolution. An autocracy is a form of government in which one person controls overall economic, political, and military power. However, in the case of the Russian, Czar has absolute power (Malkin, Origins of the Russian Revolution, slide 6). Politically, Russians were pleased by the dictatorship ruling of Tsar and the corruption within the government. After the 1917 revolution, Czar Nicholas II was overthrown from the ruling.
Food Shortages for Residents in Their Homes and Poor Working Conditions.
Food shortages at home, the decline in workers living conditions, and low wages were other causes of the Russian revolution (Malkin, Origins of the Russian Revolution, slide14). For instance, due to the food shortage, Russia lost against Germany because the people inside were starving as they lacked enough food. Therefore, the shortage of food supply and the poor working resulted in protests throughout the nation. Additionally, they lost the war due to the shortage in military supply. Also, the hazards of industrialization caused the Russian revolution.
The Devastation of World War I
The devastation of the First World War, such as the economic ruin, hunger, and casualties, caused the Russian revolution (Richards, 2004, 37). The military causalities on Russian undermined further progress of the nation instead of restoring the country’s military standing. The casualties increased due to the low supply of weapons to the troops, as incompetent leaders led them. Lastly, the widespread of hunger and inflation contributed much to the Russian revolution.
Work Cited
Malkin, Fontecchio. The Origins of the Russian Revolution, (n.d).
Richards, Michael D. Revolutions in world history. Routledge, 2004.