3 HMGT 372 Video Script – Part 2 Hello, this is David

3
HMGT 372
Video Script – Part 2
Hello, this is David Taylor from the Effective Writing Center. And in this second video we’re going to take a look at sample manuscript template for your final assignment in HMGT 372, Health Care Case Analysis.
First let’s look at the cover page. Only two items appear: a title for the paper and your name. Remember that the instructions for the title say, “Provide a short title describing the legal responsibility the specific health care organization has for one type of patient right in a specific setting.”
So, this student with the fictional name of Pat Doe has a two-part title. Health Care Case Analysis: Legal and Ethical Issues Surrounding Living Wills and End of Life Decisions.” Notice that in APA, a colon separates a two-part title.
On the next page, let’s look first at the running head: Health Care Case Analysis, and on the far right page number 2. This is because a page number does not appear on the title page. Here is how to set up your Word document:
First, double click in the header area at the top of the page. Once you see your cursor blinking in the header area, Go to Insert, and under the Design tab, to the Header drop down menu. Then select, Edit header. Be sure there is a checkmark in “Different First Page.” Now type in your header on the second page Health Care Case Analysis. Then move your cursor to the far right side at the right margin using the tab key or space bar. Once your curson is on the far right side, click on Insert again, and this time on the Page Number dropdown menu. Select current position, Plain Number.
To exit the header area, double click on the word header or anywhere in the body of the document.
Now let’s look at the body of the paper. The title Health Care Analysis is repeated, but it should not be boldfaced because it is a title, not a subheading.
Next you see an introduction paragraph. You can use this intro to recap the case scenario in your own words. In other words, the introduction provides the facts for the body of the paper to follow.
Next is the first of the three major sections: Remember to label each section exactly as you see here with the number 1, the phrase “Three Legal/Ethical Issues” capitalized exactly as you see it.
Then simply number and list the three issues with no further commentary. The names for the issues should be short, clear and capitalized like titles, for instance, if the first issue was Living Wills, both living and wills would be capitalized.
Next comes the second major body section. Again, remember to number and label this section exactly as you see here: the number 2. Followed by the phrase Discussion of Legal/Ethical Issues capitalized exactly as you see it.
Follow that main heading with the subheading that is underlined: Legal/Ethical Issue 1 – Name of Issue.
Remember the three purposes of a discussion in this section: To explain why it is either a legal or ethical issue, to use the scenario’s facts accurately, and to define any key terms. Also be sure to cite any source material.
For example:
A living will is another term used to describe advance directives. It is a document that “expresses a person’s desires concerning medical treatment in the event of incapacity due to terminal illness or permanent unconsciousness” (Brock & Mastroianni, 2013).
So, note that the technical term is defined. Also note that the definition was quoted from the Brock and Mastroianni source, which is cited using an APA-style in-text citation. An APA in-text citation always consists of the author or authors’ last names only, followed by a comma and year of publication inside parentheses.
Also note: The sentence period goes after the citation, indicating the citation belongs only to that sentence. Second, note that the in-text citation refers to the reference citation on a page by itself at the end of the paper. This is the full and correct reference citation for the Brock and Mastroianni source.
You can also paraphrase a source. Here is an example of a paraphrased source:
In the scenario above, the patient had a living will drawn up a year prior to her incapacitation. It states she did not want life support in the event of a permanent unconscious state or terminal illness. One approach to ethical standards, the Rights Approach, suggests that everyone has the right to make independent choices about his or her life that need to be respected (Velasquez et al., 2009).
Note two things about this paraphrase: First, the facts of the case are put into different wording than in the assignment. Also, note that the use of a source is also paraphrased, not quoted. Whenever using a source, whether you quote from it or paraphrase it, there still must be an in-text citation, which we have here.
Next is Legal/Ethical Issue 2 – Name of Legal/Ethical Issue It is handled in the same way: a full paragraph of discussion in which the student author explains why it is either a legal or an ethical issue and backs up this statement with the use of scenario facts and source material.
Legal/Ethical Issue 3 – Continues this pattern, being sure to define key concepts and explain why it is an ethical issue before filling out the discussion with source material, as we saw above.
Now comes the third major body section. It must be numbered and labeled just as you see it here: 3. How I Would Handle Each Issue. Note that each word in this section header is capitalized unless it is an article or preposition.
Same for the subheading that comes after it: Handling of Legal/Ethical Issue 1 – Name of Issue, which must be aligned, boldfaced and underlined just as you see here.
The discussion in this last body section challenges you to describe how you, as a health care professional, would handle each of the three issues and explain your choice with reference to the article “A Framework for Ethical Decision Making.”
Be sure to clearly state what action you would take and explain why. Here’s an example of what you could do:
The ethical philosophy behind my decision would be the Rights Approach. Every person has a right to dignity and the right to decide what to do with their lives, even if others disagree (Velasquez et al., 2009). I would also analyze the situation from the patient’s point of view using the Fairness Approach by asking if my decision would be fair to the patient or go against her wishes (Velasquez et al.). Because the patient has a valid, legally executed living will, I would be acting according to the patient’s wishes.
Notice that Velasquez is cited twice in the same paragraph, but gives the date of publication only the first time. That is correct. When citing a source multiple times in the same paragraph, the date must be given only once.
The handling of Legal/Ethical Issue 2 and 3 should be given the same treatment in the body of this paper: Each section is clearly labeled with a subheading, the action taken is described, then explained and justified with references to the two sources provided for this paper.
After the body of the paper, should come a brief conclusion to serve as a way of providing a satisfactory ending to the project.
Then, on a new page, come the APA reference citations. Note that the reference citations are double spaced throughout and use handing indentation.
Make sure you study this template and follow it exactly when you write your own version.
Good luck and thanks for watching!