5 World War I and the Collapse of the Ottoman Empire The

5
World War I and the Collapse of the Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire was among the biggest military and economic powers globally. While the effects of World War I are often under-examined, it was one of the factors that led to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. World War I illuminated the futile efforts of the empire as it tried to modernize and adapt to the changing times. The Ottoman Empire also fought on the losing end of World War I, therefore, contributing to its demise. World War I directly influenced the end of the Ottoman Empire, given that it fought on the losing end and could not adapt to the industrial needs that would have allowed its success.
Reason for choosing the sources
Balci, Ali, Tuncay Kardaş, İsmail Ediz, and Yildirim Turan. “War Decision and Neoclassical Realism: The Entry of the Ottoman Empire into the First World War.” War in History 27, no. 4 (2018), 643-669. doi:10.1177/0968344518789707.
This article captures the war decisions by key members of the Ottoman Empire regarding joining World War 1 that might have contributed to its demise. The article examines why the Ottomans failed to enter the war on time and its implications and the division of the foreign policy executive that might have affected its influence and unity to survive the demise.
Gerwarth, Robert, and Uğur Ü. Üngör. “The Collapse of the Ottoman andHabsburg Empires and the Brutalisationof the Successor States.” Journal of Modern European History 13, no. 2 (2015), 226-248. doi:10.17104/1611-8944-2015-2-226.
This article identifies how demobilization and brutalization were interconnected factors that led to the collapsing Habsburg and Ottoman empires after the First World War. The authors capture the aspects, such as the rise of ethnic nationalism, the increasing violence, the young generations adoption of radicalism, activism, and brutality, and their ultimate implications on the Ottoman State.
Gingeras, Ryan. Fall of the Sultanate: The Great War and the End of the Ottoman Empire, 1908-1922. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.
This book provides an extensive look into the series of events that led to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. The author covers the series of wars, insurrections, and revolutions spanning the early twentieth century that affected the ruling of the empire, as well as the political, economic, social, and international forces between 1908 and 1922 that challenged the ruling and subsequent demise.
Palmer, Alan. The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire. London: Faber & Faber, 2011.
This book is essential as it captures the aspects such as the special economic challenges of the 20th century and how they affected the Ottoman Empire, the uprisings, the Ottoman Empire’s lingering interests in their oil-rich Libyan provinces, among others that led to the rise and fall of the Empire.
“Treaty of Sèvres and Lausanne.” Last modified August 10, 1920. https://www.fransamaltingvongeusau.com//documents/dl1/h1/1.1.18.pdf.
This primary document captures the pact between the Ottoman government and the victorious parties of the First World War. This treaty abolished the Empire, with the articles capturing how the      treaty renounced the rights among others. 
Yavuz, M. H., and Feroz Ahmad. War and Collapse: World War I and the Ottoman State. University of Utah Press, 2016.
This book presents the significant occurrences during World War 1 that indicate the extent of power of the Ottoman Empire and the processes that led to its subsequent demise. The book focuses on the activities, such as, Ottoman and German Imperial Objectives in Syria during World War I and the Arab Provinces of the Ottoman Empire before, during, and after World War I. This book is useful has it provides an insight into the pre-and post-war Ottoman Empire.
Bibliography
Balci, Ali, Tuncay Kardaş, İsmail Ediz, and Yildirim Turan. “War Decision and Neoclassical Realism: The Entry of the Ottoman Empire into the First World War.” War in History 27, no. 4 (2018), 643-669. doi:10.1177/0968344518789707.
Gerwarth, Robert, and Uğur Ü. Üngör. “The Collapse of the Ottoman andHabsburg Empires and the Brutalisationof the Successor States.” Journal of Modern European History 13, no. 2 (2015), 226-248. doi:10.17104/1611-8944-2015-2-226. 
Gingeras, Ryan. Fall of the Sultanate: The Great War and the End of the Ottoman Empire, 1908-1922. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.
Palmer, Alan. The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire. London: Faber & Faber, 2011.
“Treaty of Sèvres and Lausanne.” Last modified August 10, 1920. https://www.fransamaltingvongeusau.com//documents/dl1/h1/1.1.18.pdf.
Yavuz, M. H., and Feroz Ahmad. War and Collapse: World War I and the Ottoman State. University of Utah Press, 2016.