Answer the questions in any order you want, but label each answer

Answer the questions in any order you want, but label each answer clearly.  Use specific examples to support your points in each essay.
 
Question 1: (Answer ONE)
A. How did Lenin modify Marxism and how did that shape the October Revolution? What were the differences between Leninism and Stalinism?  What were the effects of Stalinism on the Soviet people and economy?
 
B. What led to the rise of Fascism/Nazism? How was Fascism/Nazism a rejection of 19th century ideologies?  What similarities did Fascism/Nazism share with Stalinism?  How do you account for these similarities in spite of these ideologies being on the opposite ends of the political spectrum? 
 
Question 2: (Answer ONE)
A. How did the peace treaties following the Great War lead to the Great Depression? What were the causes of the Great Depression?  How did the Great Depression become a worldwide phenomenon?  How did the Great Depression give rise to 20th century Liberalism?
 
B. What changes did China make to Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism? What is China’s Socialist Market Economy and how do Chinese leaders justify it in Marxist terms?  Why do you think Chinese Communism has survived while Communism failed in the Eastern Bloc and the USSR?
 
Question 3:
A. Describe the Bretton Woods system in terms of 20th century Liberalism. What was Social Democracy and why did Western Europe try it but the US did not?  Why did the Age of Affluence collapse?  How did the end of the Age of Affluence lead to the rise of the “New Right”?  What are the similarities/differences between 19th century Conservatism and the “New Right”?
 
Question 4: (Answer ONE)
A. Why did democracy/capitalism fail in Eastern Europe between World War I and World War II? Why did Communism fail in the USSR/Eastern Europe between 1945 and 1990?  Why is democracy/capitalism struggling in post-Cold War former USSR/Eastern Europe?
 
B. What are the origins of Islamism? What caused the rise of Islamism and its spread to Europe?  What are the ideological goals of Islamism?  How do you think a 20th century Liberal and a Neo-Conservative would deal with the Islamist challenge?