CASE NAME, AND YEAR IN WHICH CASE DECIDED Loving v. Virginia (1967)

CASE NAME, AND YEAR IN WHICH CASE DECIDED
Loving v. Virginia (1967)
WHAT ACT(S) TRIGGERED THE DISPUTE?
An African-American woman and European-American man both residents of Virginia, married each other in the District of Columbia. When they returned to Virginia they were prosecuted for violating the state anti-miscegenation law. They pleaded guilty and were sentenced to one year in jail but the court would suspend it if they left Virginia and would not return for 25 years. Their motion to vacate on the grounds the law was unconstitutional but was denied and the state supreme court upheld the prior decision.
3. WHAT PROVISION OF THE U.S. (OR STATE) CONSTITUTION AND/OR LAW IS AT ISSUE?
Virginia anti-miscegenation law and the Equal Protection Clause and the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
WHAT IS THE LEGAL QUESTION TO BE RESOLVED?
Does the Virginia statute violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
WHAT DID THE COURT HOLD AND WHY?
The court overruled the state’s decision in a unanimous opinion stating that Virginia prohibits interracial marriages only involving white persons and there can be no doubt that restricting freedom to marry because of racial classifications violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. These statutes also deprived the Loving’s of liberty without due process of law which violates the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Freedom to marry is one of the basic civil rights of man.
WHAT OTHER VIEWS (DISSENTS, CONCURRENCES) WERE EXPRESSED BY THE COURT?
No dissenting argument.