Choice #1: HPV Vaccine
HPV stands for Human Papillomavirus (Cheng et al., 2020). An HPV infection can cause different types of cancers such as vaginal, cervical, anal and penile cancer (Cheng et al., 2020). The HPV vaccine can prevent over 90% of cancers caused by HPV (Cheng et al., 2020). HPV is spread by skin-to-skin or sexual conduct (Cheng et al., 2020). This type of infection is very common that nearly all people will at least get one type of HPV at some point in their lives (Cheng et al., 2020). Being that April, received her first dose at age 11 and she is now 18 years old she would need to start the series over again. For people between the ages 9 and 14 years of age, they are recommended to have a two dose series, the first dose and then the second dose within 6 to 12 months (Saslow, 2020). For people initiating the vaccine between ages 15 and 26, they are recommended a three dose series (Saslow, 2020). The first vaccine dose, then the second dose in one to two months and then the final dose at the 6 month mark (Saslow, 2020). In the two- dose series, the minimum interval between the first and second dose is 5 months (Saslow, 2020). In the three- dose series, the minimum interval is four weeks between the first and second dose, twelve weeks between the second and third dose, and five months between the first and third dose (Saslow, 2020). This is why in my professional opinion, I believe she would need to start the three dose series from the beginning due to the big gap from now and her first dose. Some adverse drug reactions for this vaccine include pain, redness or swelling at the site f injection, fever, dizziness or fainting (Cheng et al., 2020). The HPV vaccine is contraindicated for anyone who has a hypersensitivity to yeast or pregnant (Cheng et al., 2020). The VIS stands for Vaccine Information Statement (Vaccine Information Statement, 2021). This sheet is usually provided the parent/ guardian of the person receiving the vaccine if under age, and if over 18 years old, it would be provided to the patient (Vaccine Information Statement, 2021). The VIS provides information on the importance of the vaccine and why it is needed. It provides information about when the vaccine is recommended and potential side effects (Vaccine Information Statement, 2021). It entails signs that you should report to your physician if they occur after the vaccination. This document even has links for the patient or parent to go to so they can obtain even more information regarding the vaccine (Vaccine Information Statement, 2021).
Cheng, L., Wang, Y., & Du, J. (2020). Human Papillomavirus Vaccines: An Updated Review. Vaccines, 8(3), 391. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines8030391 (Links to an external site.)
Saslow, D, Andrews, KS, Manassaram-Baptiste, D, Smith, RA, Fontham, ETH; the American Cancer Society Guideline Development Group. Human papillomavirus vaccination 2020 guideline update: American Cancer Society guideline adaptation. CA Cancer J Clin. 2020: 70: 274- 273. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.21616 (Links to an external site.)
Vaccine Information Statement | HPV | VIS | CDC. (2021). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/hpv.html (Links to an external site.)
Choice #1: HPV Vaccine