Disscussion post two

Dr. DeLuca states in her TedTalk that their assumptions that people have about PMS. One of those assumptions is that fluctuations in reproductive hormones cause extreme emotions and that great majority of women experience this. She highlights that this is in fact a lie. Dr. DeLuca also states that in the last 5 years of research on the topic of PMS that there is really no concrete evidence on the definition, treatment, cause, or existence of PMS. Some common symptoms of PMS are mood swings, irritability, depression, back aches, anxiety, skin changes and that is only naming a few. These symptoms do not amount to a psychological disorder because anyone can have PMS. I could say that my next door neighbor that used a snarky tone with me earlier today had PMs just because she was irritable. Its so hard for PMS to amount to a psychological disorder because some researchers said you had to have 5 symptoms and some only said you had to have 3. So when diagnosing someone with PMS, the range got so high. DeLuca talked about how much of the research focused on white middle class women, which makes it hard to apply findings to all women. Many studies fail to use control groups, if we want to understand we need to be able to compare them to other women who dont get PMS. One thing that really stood out to me in Dr. DeLucas TedTalk was when she was talking about Midol, a common medication used to help women experiencing PMS. I never knew that Midol only consists of a diarrhetic, pain reliever and caffeine. It made me laugh when she said that she talked about caffeine having magical powers because I do believe it helps but it definitely doesnt help reduce tension like she mentioned. It also makes me laugh because I used to take the same exact medicine and thought it helped me so much and it really was only those 3 ingredients. Overall, I think this is an extremely crucial topic to talk about, I really enjoyed watching this TedTalk and learning about something something so related to my life as a woman. 

cassandra
Robin Stein DeLuca reiterated many of the things that as a woman I hear regularly; Women go a little crazy and get extra moody around their period, that PMS affects anywhere from 5-98% of all women, that these symptoms can explain away womens emotional states during a week every month, we are told this from a very young age on into adulthood (Stein DeLuca, 2015). 
 
I was personally surprised by how little scientific evidence there was for PMS and how it is not actually recognized as a disorder, for something I’ve been assured all my life can be explained away by hormones, there has been little to no controlled research (shocking for my science brain). The fact that they ask women to recall symptoms retroactively and havent used a control group (Stein DeLuca, 2015) is astounding to me. She mentions that some studies say its only three symptoms off a large list, others say it says it should be five, but theres very little consensus among all the studies of what qualifies. 
 
Stein DeLuca (2015) goes into detail on the research done (or not done), and eventually does get around to PMDD, PreMenstrual Dysphoric Disorder, which is a recognized mental disorder. It is characterised by always having one of four distinct symptoms, Marked Mood Swings, Marked Irritability, Marked Depression, or Marked Anxiety plus additional symptoms like decreased interest in activities and changes in appetite or sleep. These symptoms must be tracked consistently, and over the course of a year, at least 5 cycles should have them present. 
 
In general the PMS symptoms do not result in a disorder, but if you have one of the four specific symptoms and others then yes, it could result in disorder. Most PMS symptoms can be explained away by general body function as well as just general life. Stein DeLuca (2015) mentioned that normal stressors can cause the same effects, but also new stressors, or even day of the week can affect someone’s mood more than general body function. Thats why I would agree that general PMS is not a disorder. 
 
I think I would be interested to know if there was more research being done, like is it the fact that we are told from the time we are very young through the rest of our lives that we believe we have PMS? Is it going to change going forward? Is it going to be more clear? Are the outside influences really that strong on what we believe about our own bodies? This TED Talk has left me with nothing but questions!