Download and print a copy of the Formal Analysis Checklist. Review the

Download and print a copy of the Formal Analysis Checklist. Review the list and prepare to analyze your selected artwork.
Review the Instructor’s required essay format.
Download and print a copy of Further Art History Analysis. Review the list and prepare to analyze your selected artwork.
[These resources can be found in the Resource folder below]
**ASSESS YOUR KNOWLEDGE
Follow these instructions to write a successful Global Awareness Essay.
1. Read the following article:
Reaching for the Sky
By Charles Moffat – December 2007.
Even at an early stage mankind strove to build higher and higher. We build on a ridiculous scale and spend thousands or millions of hours of labour on a single piece of structure, which may or may not be prone to earthquakes and other ravages of time.
Some of our most impressive structures are actually incredibly old and difficult to determine the precise dates they were built.
We still don’t have a clue how the Great Pyramid of Giza was built, or its precise purpose. Despite what you may have heard, no mummy has ever been found in the Egyptian pyramids, they were all found in the Valley of the Kings. So the true meaning of the pyramids is actually a mystery.
As is the technology used and the matter of how multiple cultures in Africa, the Middle East and Central America all built pyramids around roughly the same time. The matter has had archeologists both professional and amateur alike scratching their heads and theorizing why and how this could have happened.
Why do we aspire to such grand heights? Ego perhaps.
In some cases we might not have much choice but to build upwards if the population grows very dense and land close to water and food is scarce.
We thrive in some of the most inhospitable places on the Earth, and always we build upwards.
There is no precise beginning for the history of architecture either. Our earliest buildings date from either the end of the last ice age or during the ice age, which was only 10 to 15 millenniums ago.
Likewise, there was no precise ending of the ice age. We presume it phased out slowly, but it could have changed quite quickly in a matter of decades or years. We really don’t know. It was a time of dramatic changes, massive floods and earthquakes.
Such dramatic earthquakes that people in two separate parts of the world (Egypt and Bolivia) started building earthquake resistant structures that still stands today. Elephantine Island in Egypt and the Ruined City of Tiahuanaco in Bolivia used identical techniques to securely fasten the stones in their buildings and make the overall structure more impervious to time.
Pyramids are the prime example of that pioneering human spirit to build something indestructible, and the earliest pyramids are not Egyptian, but were instead built in Mesopotamia and Zimbabwe.
The fact the people of Zimbabwe started building pyramids first is incredibly interesting. Africa was after all the birth of civilization. It is there we find the oldest surviving structures and the beginning of our aspiration to build higher.
The Greeks spoke of Mount Olympus and strove to emulate the gods by building on top of mountains.
The peoples of the Middle East built massive Ziggurat step pyramids and inspired the story of the Tower of Babel.
We can only assume that the early people who built towers of stone in Zimbabwe had some kind of religious or even scientific reasoning behind what they were building.
When we talk of such structures we cannot ignore the scientific aspect. These were obviously cultures with an interest in engineering, science and exploring the boundaries of what they could build.
Regardless of whether it was a temple, a palace, a coliseum for games, an amphitheater for dramatic performances and politics, there was always that underlying engineering and creative spirit.
All they needed in truth was the hands to carry the stones, the tools to cut the stones, the brilliance of their engineers and above all else: They will to build it.
 
2. Use the names of artworks below to find a work of Art to discuss in essay form. Use Google to locate the image for you to study. You may need to search several sites until you find the best reproduction of the image so you can thoroughly analyze the artwork.
 
Ancient Africa
Conical Tower, Great Zimbabwe – 11-16th Century BC
Mosque at Djenne – 14th Century AD (not actually ancient, but we included it anyway)
 
Ancient Babylon and Persia
Achaemenid Tombs, Naksh-Rutsam, Iran – 5th Century BC
Ishtar Gate, Babylon – 605-563 BC
Shibam, Desert City, Yemen – 16th Century BC
Terrace Stairway at Persepolis, Iran – c.518-460 BC
Ziggurat of Ur, Iraq – c.2125 BC
 
Ancient Egypt
Great Temple of Amun, Karnak – 1530-323 BC
Step Pyramid of Zoser, Sakkara – 2778 BC
Pyramid of Chephren/Khafre – 4th Dynasty
Temple of Amun, Luxor – c.1408-1300 BC
Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, Der El-Bahari – 1520 BC
 
Ancient Greece
Acropolis, Athens – 19th Century BC
Parthenon, Athens – 447-436 BC
Epidaurus Theater, Epidaurus – c.350-330 BC
 
Ancient Incan
Machu Picchu, Peru
Ollantaytambo Terraces, Peru
 
Ancient Mayan
Chic’hen Itza Temple of a Thousand Warriors, Yucatan
Uxmal Pyramid of the Magician, Yucatan
Tikal Temple #1, Yucatan
The Ruins of Palenque, Yucatan
Calakmul Pyramid #2, Yucatan
 
Ancient Rome
Amphitheater, Del Djam, Tunisia – Early 3rd Century AD
Arch of Septmius Serverus – AD 203
Basilica of Constantine At Trier, Germany – Late 4th Cen.
Hadrian’s Villa, Near Rome, c.AD 118-134
The Pantheon, Rome – 1734 
Pont Du Gard, Nimes, France – Late 1st Century BC
Trajan’s Column – AD 112
 
2. Record all of the website information (url, etc.) in APA format for the sites where you found the images. You will need this for your completed essay:
Give the name of the researching organization followed by the date. In brackets, provide a brief explanation of what type of data is there and in what form it appears. Finally, provide the site name and retrieval information.
Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment. (2007). [Graph illustration the SORCE Spectral Plot May 8, 2008]. Solar Spectral Data Access from the SIM, SOLSTICE, and XPS Instruments. Retrieved from http://lasp.colorado.edu/cgi-bin/ion-p?page=input_data_for_ spectra.ion
3. Record the credit line information about the artworks – Identify the work of art by title, artist, period/style, genre, and geographic/cultural origin. You will need this for your completed essay. Use this format:
Artwork Title.  (Year) by Artist’s name;  Period/Style; Genre; Geographic/Cultural Origin; Size; Media; Ownership.
 
4. Print out a copy of the Formal Analysis Checklist. While you look at the artwork, go through the checklist and take notes about what you see. Provide lots of details.
 
5. Use your notes to write your paper. Include description based on the elements and principles of art. Through research, present what scholars have said about the meaning of that work of art in the context of the history of art.  Consider the possible purpose of the structure over its lifetime. Include in your discussion the relationship of its interior and exterior design and technology and how/if changes were made to alter the use over time.
Some possible purposes to consider are decorative, religious, or political, for entertainment or civic functions or multiple.
Your conclusions should be supported by specific evidence, like location, and identify the key stylistic features of the structure that support your theoretical purpose.
Include in your discussion what the uses of the object/objects were at the time it was made and what the impact of that work of art has been on the culture who created it. Use the Further Art History Analysis handout.
Refer to the resources provided when preparing your paper.
6. Download the image for inclusion in your paper.
 
8. Compose your paper by spending a minimum of one page formal analysis on the artwork. Then spend a minimum of one page discussing the uses, the impact, the meaning, and conclusions. Your conclusions should include your interpretations of the work of art.
 
9. Be sure that your paper corresponds to the required format example found in the Resources below. Your analysis should be a minimum 2 pages, double-spaced, 12 point font, Times New Roman. The essay should be saved as a WORD file (file name ends with .doc or .docx). These are also acceptable formats: .pdf, rtf. Note – If you send an unreadable file format, the late work policy will apply. The minimum two pages is not including the title and intro information or the references. There should be a minimum of two pages of the actual description and analysis. Use APA to cite your sources, you will need at least five.  They can be web based but do not use Wikipedia.
 
10. Your essay file should be named as follows: LastnameGlobalAwareness.doc. Example: a student named Mary Smith would name her formal analysis SmithGlobalAwareness.doc.
 
11. Upload your essay file as an attachment to the Essay Submission Journal in the left hand menu. Do not email the assignment. Feedback and grade will be provided in the Essay Submission Journal.
 
12. The Essay is worth 200 points. 
 
 
Formal Analysis Checklist (CHECK LIST)
REMEMBER -You are ONLY analyzing the things you can SEE. You are NOT researching the biography of the artist, the history of the artwork, etc. Those are IRRELEVANT in a formal analysis.
Check the following qualities that apply to the artwork:
____The art is 2-D (flat or two dimensional).
____The art is 3-D (has mass and occupies space).
____The art is naturalistic (has recognizable objects that imitate nature and 3-D space).
____The art is narrative (illustrates a story such as history, mythology, religion) or it features animals, people, or landscape elements about which one can invent a story.
____The art has social or political content, such as protest art or propaganda.
____If the art is narrative or political, describe it as briefly as possible.
____The art is ritualistic or shamanistic. It seems to have a magic or spirit function.
____The art is abstract (seems to have some human, animal, or landscape elements).
____The art is non-objective (uses shapes and colors that do not seem to come from any recognizable source, such as circles, squares and squiggles).
____If the art is abstract or non-objective, what feelings do you get from the piece? (ex. energy, motion, calm, agitation, warmth, etc.).
____The art is symmetrical (balanced the same way on opposite sides). There is a mostly equal distribution of similar-size and similar-shape objects and colors across the surface. Symmetry is usually achieved by repetition of shapes and colors; but they do not have to be exact, as in wallpaper patterns.
____The art is asymmetrical (has an uneven distribution of colors and shapes). This does not mean that the work is not balanced, just that it does not balance by doing the same thing). Balance could be achieved, for example, by using a person in red on one side of a picture to counterbalance a larger but weaker color shape, such as a blue cow, on the other side.
STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS
Most art design or composition relies upon repeating elements such as lines, shapes, or colors to tie the composition together, to make it coherent or give it unity. You can think of this as establishing a visual theme. Repetition is the strategy.
____* Lines – Are there straight or curving line segments that are echoed throughout the composition? Remember to look at implied or suggested lines formed by the edges of objects such as people. Do groups of people, animals and trees clump together to suggest direction or linear elements? What is the dominant line theme? Is there a minor or contrasting line theme?
____* Shapes – Shapes are closely related to lines. The edges of shapes suggest line elements (the sides of a rectangle also provide vertical line segments). Shadows or sky may form important shapes in landscapes; or a tree’s boughs may form a circle. Look at the negative space (background) as well as the positive objects. Are there any hidden or implied shapes? Do any repeat themselves? What is the dominant shape theme? Is there a subordinant or contrasting shape theme?
____ * Color – What is the most important family of colors, colors that are dominant throughout the entire composition instead of isolated? Some colors work well together (red, orange, yellow) and establish a theme of warm or cool dominance. What is the dominant color theme? What is the accent range?
____ * Emphasis – Where do your eyes tend to go? What object seems to be most important to your eyes? This is the point of emphasis. The artist may have organized the shapes, lines, and colors to lead you to a point of emphasis. Is there a point of emphasis?
____* Contrast – Extreme changes in light and dark areas, smooth and rough textures, or conflicting colors (such as: red/green; blue/orange; purple/yellow) cause attention or emphasis. These high contrast areas are said to be in simultaneous contrast if they involve large color areas. If there are small areas of contrast, they are termed accents. Are there points of extreme contrast? Are there any accents?
PSYCHOLOGICAL QUALITIES
____How does the art make you feel? The following characteristics can be grouped together:
Active
Energetic
Moving
Angry
Aggressive
Dynamic
Hot
Advancing
Sharp lines
Angular shapes
Colliding opposites
Contrast
Red, orange, yellow, pink
Calm
Flowing
Restful
Static
Inviting
Cool
Receding
Curving lines
Rounded shapes
Nesting shapes
Analogous, related
Blue, aqua, deep green
Brown, gray, black and white are considered neutral, and can be used to support different feelings.
ESSAY FORMAT
Student Name
Course Name
Semester and Year
Assignment Name
Artwork Title. (Year) by Artist’s name; Size; Media; Ownership. [This is the Artwork Credit Line. Insert the information in the format provided. This is NOT your citation of sources.]
Title of Paper [Bold and Centered]
Body of text should be 12 point font, Times New Roman or Arial, double-spaced, two pages. Do not add extra spaces between paragraphs.
Works Cited [This is the title for your source section. It is in BOLD font and is aligned left.]
Use APA style to cite your sources. I do not recommend that you use Microsoft’s APA tool – it does not cite correctly.
You will have at least one source – the online location where you looked at the artwork. It is not necessary to use other sources as your paper should focus on what you SEE. The history of the artwork and biography for the artist do not belong in these papers.
[When paper is complete, please save using your name in the file name, as follows: pylypiwformalanalysis.doc]