Final Paper: Outline Working thesis: The artist behind The Creation of the

Final Paper: Outline
Working thesis:
The artist behind The Creation of the World and the Expulsion from Paradise, and the painter of the manuscript, The Prayer Book: Arganona Maryam (The Organ of Mary), both chose to use wood over other mediums in their works for its durability, availability, low-cost, lightweight and ability to bring out fine details.
Section 1: Topic – Visual Description
Body paragraph 1: Description of The Creation of the World and the Expulsion from Paradise
Body paragraph 2: Description of The Prayer Book: Arganona Maryam (The Organ of Mary)
Section 2: Topic – Wood Characterization
Body paragraph 3: Utilize terms such as light-weight, smooth texture, versatile, durable, light-colored, curable, etc., to justify the use of wood in The Creation of the World and the Expulsion from Paradise.
Body paragraph 4: Use words such as light-weight, smooth texture, versatile, durable, light-colored, curable, etc., to validate the usage of wood in The Prayer Book: Arganona Maryam (The Organ of Mary).
Section 3: Topic – Wood’s ability
Body paragraph 5: Describe how wood’s ability to display fine details with less susceptibility to sag, tear, and paint crack, is the reason for its choice as a medium in figure 1.
Body paragraph 6: Justify how wood’s less vulnerability to tear, relative to other mediums, is the reason for its use as a medium in Figure 2.
Section 4: Topic – Availability and abundance of wood
Body paragraph 7: Justify how the abundance and availability were the reason for the artist’s choice of wood in Figure 1.
Body paragraph 8: Justify the writer’s choice of wood in Figure 2 was guided by wood’s abundance and availability.
Section 5: Topic – Wood’s durability
Body paragraph 9: Justify that the choice of wood as a medium in Figure 1 was guided by its durability when preserved.
Body paragraph 8: Justify the artiste’s use of wood in Figure 2 as directed by its durability.
Fully Developed Sample Section 3:
Details are an essential aspect of any painting, carving, sculpture, or artifact. Details like the shade of light, darkness, and shadow in Mona Lisa and Leonardo’s ability to use this aspect to bring out a sculptural face make the art piece so impressive and valuable. Very few materials or mediums can demonstrate intricate details in an art piece as good as wood. In The Creation of the World and the Expulsion from Paradise, the artist uses wood as the medium because of its even surface, which allows the artist to exhibit his ability to bring out details. While many consider canvas to be the best medium for a painting, it is highly susceptible to the paint’s tear, sagging, and cracking. According to Maartje, wood is more favorable for paintings than canvas as it lacks the predispositions of the latter while providing similar benefits.1 Wood also takes details better than other mediums like stone, which has uneven surfaces.
Wood is a comparatively stronger medium, with lower susceptibility to tear, corrosion, or disintegration. Subsequently, the medium was used widely in Ethiopia to bind valuable manuscripts. In Prayer Book: Arganona Maryam (The Organ of Mary), wood is used, not just to bind the manuscripts together, but also as a cover to protect the parchments and the contents of the manuscripts. The wood is then wrapped in fabric or put in a leather pouch for further protection . No other medium could deliver similar results to wood. For instance, iron, gold, and canvas were too expensive in 15th Century Ethiopia, while stone is too heavy and would ruin the manuscripts.
Figure 1: Giovanni di Paolo, The Creation of the World and the Expulsion from Paradise, 1445, Painted on wood using gold and tempera, 18 ¼ x 20 ½ in. (46.4 x 52.1 cm), The Met Fifth Avenue, New York City.
Figure 2: Prayer Book: Arganona Maryam (The Organ of Mary), Late 17th Century, made from wood, leather, parchment, and fiber, and painted using pigment ink, Height 6 1/2x Width 6 1/8 in. (16.5 x 15.5 cm), The Met Fifth Avenue, New York City.
Annotated Bibliography:
Fogg, Sam and Hosking David. 2005. Ethiopian Art. London. Paul Holberton Publishing.
Ethiopian Art is a book that documents and details Ethiopian artifacts, manuscripts, metalworks, and icons, mainly from the 15th, 16th, and 17th Century Ethiopian Christian Church. The book takes a slight glance at artifacts before the 15th Century, of which the country has a rich history but lays more emphasis on the mentioned period. The different art pieces add a brushstroke into the canvas of Ethiopia’s rich culture and ancient Christianity in the country. The book goes into the details of materials used and the reasons for their use as mediums.
Maartje, Stols-Witlox. 2012. Grounds, 1400-1900. Routledge Series in Conservation and Museology. Oxfordshire. Routledge.
This publication details the importance of grounds (mediums) used, especially in South and northwest Europe and developed. The publication delves into the characteristics of mediums, best use, and other properties like how they age. The writer seeks to demonstrate the importance of grounds in delivering the artist’s message and bringing out the details of the art piece.
Nagel, Alexander and Wood, Christopher S. 2010. Anachronic Renaissance. Athens. Zone Books.
This book examines some European artifacts, mosaics, prints, paintings, medals, sculptures, pavements, and drawings from the 15th and the 16th Centuries, choice of materials, and their impermanence or susceptibility to ruin. The book also curates the contribution of different eras, especially the renaissance period, their contribution to the recreation of destroyed artifacts, and the development of ways to deal with the impermanence of art and mediums.
Selassie, Selassie H. Bookmaking in Ethiopia. Karstens Drukkers B.V, Leiden, 1981.
Bookmaking in Ethiopia is a book written in the early 1980s that describes, with intricate details, the processes through which books, parchment, and fiber were made in Ethiopia. The writer also delves into the history of writing in the country and how ink was created and used from the early days of writing up to the period of publication.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art (The Met Museum). “Prayer Book: Arganona Maryam (The Organ of Mary” 2020-2021. Accessed 6th Dec 2021. https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/733038
This website provides intricate details of the manuscript, its origin, and a little history of the country of its origin, Ethiopia. These details include the manuscript’s dimensions and size, its scarcity, the writer of the manuscripts and his other works, the estimated year of publication, and the contents of the manuscript. The additional general information about the manuscript includes a discussion on similar works by the writer and others from the region and the era.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art (The Met Museum). “The Creation of the World and the Expulsion from Paradise.” 2020-2021. Accessed 6th Dec 2021. https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/458971
This website provides essential information on The Creation of the World and the Expulsion from Paradise. This information includes dimensions of the art piece, its origins, the artist, and a little background information on the artist, the year of completion, the medium used, and the current location. Besides, The Creation of the World and the Expulsion from Paradise, the website provides invaluable information on similar and different art pieces.