Global Capitalism, Democracy and Dictatorship Application 1: “Excerpt from Capitalism and Freedom”

Global Capitalism, Democracy and Dictatorship
Application 1: “Excerpt from Capitalism and Freedom” by Milton J. Friedman// “Human Rights Hawk on U.S. Sanctions Against Afghanistan” by Murtaza Hussain. The Intercept https://theintercept.com/2021/12/28/afghanistan-economy-collapse-us-sanctions
In this article by Milton J. Friedman, we get an insight into how politics and economics are closely intertwined. We also get an insight into how there is a close but complex relationship between the two. Furthermore, the article argues that socialism cannot guarantee individual freedom in a society. In the second article we get to know more about economic sanctions and how the infliction of U.S. sanctions on Afghanistan ranks among the deadliest incidents of violence against civilians related to the sanctions. The Afghan government which was built over two decades of American occupation was created to be wholly and solely dependent on foreign aid. With the abrupt withdrawal of the assistance and imposition of sanctions, millions of Afghans, including women and children, are now at the risk of starvation and
death. It seems unlikely that sanctions will do what 20 years of war could not: build a stable government that keeps the Taliban out of power. Through the course of this article we get a clear perspective as to how economic policies such as economic sanctions can harm and practically destroy the politics of a country.
Question: Can sanctions do what 20 years of war could not: build a stable government that keeps the Taliban out of power?
Application 2: “The Myth of Asia’s Miracle” by Paul Krugman// “East Brain, West Brain” by Sherry otter.

This article offers insight into the remarkable growth rates of the newly industrializing east Asian countries and how they have developed their understanding of economic policy and geographical conditions. The success of these countries roots from three factors- the diffusion of world technology, the shift in the world’s economic centre from the west to the east, and the superiority of economies with fewer civil liberties and more planning. The second article talks about how the east is replacing the west and how the growth of some of the East Asian Societies in particular- India, China and Japan are making the west scared. Not only are they becoming the centre of production they are also offering more employment and are becoming the centre of global decisions.
Question: Is the East the new West?
Application 3: “The myth of authoritarian growth” by Dani Rodrik// authoritarian Weakness and the Pandemic.
https://carnegieendowment.org/2020/08/11/authoritarian-weaknesses-and-pandemic-pub-82452
This article by Dani Rodrik talks about how democracies outperform dictatorship when it comes to long term economic growth, but they also outdo them in several other aspects. Not only do they provide greater economic stability and are better at adjusting to external economic shocks they also generate more investment in human health and education. In contrast, authoritarian regimes produce economies that are as weak as their political systems. The strength of their economies depends on their leaders or on favourable but temporary circumstances. In the second article we get to know how the coronavirus pandemic has been a trigger for many of the autocrat nations and how their poor handling of the pandemic has cost them a lifetime of economic depression.
Questions: Can countries with authoritarian government handle the Covid-19 pandemic ?