Mario Uzcategui 3 Mario Uzcategui Broward College ENC1101 July 22, 2021 Skinheads

Mario Uzcategui 3
Mario Uzcategui
Broward College
ENC1101
July 22, 2021
Skinheads Subculture
In the current society, many subcultures exist. For this subculture, I selected skinheads since I believe that they live a negative way of life by interrupting the lives of others. The subculture has existed for a long time and has gained the attention of people worldwide (Hamm,2). However, as it has been seen, the group has evolved and has quickly become a negative subculture that is despised by many, especially the minority groups that have been on the receiving end of their attacks for a long time now (Balleck, 16). Skinheads are a subculture of young people that dress extremely macho, with bald heads and big boots (Newton, 18). Although the skinhead sensation is not necessarily politically charged, and all skinheads are not supremacists, in several nations, skinheads are widely considered as dangerous right-wing racists who promote racist sentiments.
The skinhead movement began in London’s working-class neighbourhoods in the 1960s. They despised the youthful revolutionary group, particularly its attitude of peace and love, and purposefully developed features of culture and style that were the farthest from it (Travis and Hardy, 6). Skinheads rose to prominence in two waves, the first one in the late 1960s and the second in the early 1970s. The original skinheads were working-class youngsters who rejected both the frugality and austerity of the 50s and 60s and the intermediate hippie revolution and peace and harmony ethos of the 60s (Newton, 20). Rather, skinheads were enticed to far more working-class outsider cultural groups, which incorporated elements of early working-class mod style and Jamaican music and dress, particularly from rude Jamaican boys during the movement’s early phases (Balleck, 18). As these three groups connected and made alliances in the poor districts in the UK, there was a significant overlap among initial skinhead, nasty boy, and the mod subculture seen among Jamaican immigrant and Jamaican British adolescents (Hamm, 8). The first and second tiers of the skins were motivated by the beats of ska, rocksteady, and reggae, as well as occasionally African-American soul and r&b music, while skinheads incorporated components of mod subculture and Jamaican British and Jamaican migrant rude boy counterculture.
Following petitions from Pakistanis residing in the region for defence from skinhead assaults, the skinheads garnered widespread media and national attention in Britain in 1970 (Newton, 25). While many skinheads were violent, others saw their subculture as largely a statement of alternative values and civic solidarity, focusing on parties, performances, and sporting events rather than violence (Travis and Hardy, 16). The skinhead number rose throughout Australia, Germany, and North America, in the 1970s and 1980s.
Although the earliest skinheads were apolitical, many of them were quickly attracted to extremist nationalist and anti-immigrant organizations. The group became more political as some skinheads became enlisted as “storm troopers” by Nazi groups (Balleck, 28). Immigrants and minority groups were frequently targeted by skinhead gangs, especially Turks in Deutschland Pakistanis and Indians and in the United Kingdom (Hamm, 30). The Australian movie Romper Stomper (1992) depicted a famous romanticized version of such a group, and reoccurring elements appeared in American movies like American History X. (1998). In the US, skinheads were later assimilated into supremacist movements where they continue to establish their dominance at all times (Travis and Hardy, 20). To promote their violence and racism, the group mainly uses music.
Over the years, the subculture has greatly grown and attracted many people from different parts of the world. However, with the rise in popularity, people have also continued to hate them greatly. This has mainly been caused by the harm they have brought on the minority groups that the group has forced to live in constant fear.
Works Cited
Balleck, B. J. Hate groups and extremist organizations in America: An encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO, 2019.
Hamm, M. S. American skinheads: The criminology and control of hate crime. ABC-CLIO, 2018.
Newton, D. E. Hate groups: The Skinhead Subculture in the 20th century. ABC-CLIO, 2021.
Travis, T. A., and P. Hardy. Skinheads: A guide to an American subculture. ABC-CLIO, 2018.