OVERALL SCORE: 5.5/7
Please see below for my comments in track changes and let me know if you have any questions.
This is over the 300 word limit. This time I graded the whole thing but next time, I’ll grade only the portion within the limit.
PDF files were not attached to the same submission. -0.5
I think your attempt to critique below is a good start and it seems that you have picked an article that you will be able to work on for the rest of the semester. However, much of the critique below needs to be further developed before it can become “your” critique. -1
I am hoping that you will try to work on those points and also bring some other course material into your critique over the next few weeks.
HSA 4700 Team 6 Project
Members: Adam, Rick, Lianet, Maribel, Sara
Mental health status of pregnant and breastfeeding women during the Covid-19 pandemic – A Multinational cross-sectional study
The study of mental health in pregnant and breastfeeding women during a pandemic is interesting because a pandemic at this scale is not very common, so gathering stress symptoms in this population in such circumstances is relatively rare. The rarety of said circumstance can give us something independent to compare and contrast. Pregnancy stress without a global pandemic proved to be a challenge for expectant mothers in the past. Adding a global pandemic with restrictions and global panic will lead to higher stress and mental health complications. The independent variable here is the Covid-19 pandemic. The dependent variable is the mental health status of pregnant and breastfeeding women. Excellent! This article’s hypothesis could be that regardless of country, the Covid-19 pandemic increases stress in the mental health of pregnant and breastfeeding women. Very good. Also, the fact that certain characteristics may be associated with even higher increases in stress. The relationship between COVID-19 pandemic and mental stress in pregnant and breastfeeding mothers is positive. As the fear of infection rises and countries lockdown, expecting and breastfeeding mothers feel more pressure.
While inductive reasoning aims for probability and deductive aims for certainty, I would have to say this study favors inductive reasoning. The survey to study the effects of a pandemic on expecting and breastfeeding mothers was promoted through social media, which risks sampling bias. It’s hard to tell if the study participants were first-time mothers, their education levels, whether they were single or partnered, and whether more severely depressed or anxious mothers participated. We also did not have a non-pregnant demographic to draw conclusions or possibly baselines. A couple of the measurements for depression, the Edinburgh Depression Scale (EDS) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder seven-item scale (GAD-7), only collect data from the previous one to two weeks, so the long-term impact of the pandemic is an unknown. These are good points but all are acknowledged by the authors themselves (page 1227). You are welcome to use these only if you can add to them & expand on them. Otherwise, if you leave them the same as what is already in the article, they don’t earn you any points. We can discuss further if you need help with how to expand along the lines already mentioned by the researchers themselves. You could also come up with your own critique points. Often, researchers do not list all potential flaws of their studies (also because they have limited space). And, why would the UK and Ireland have different scores than Norway, Switzerland, and the Netherlands? Would industry and wealth of nations play a part in the mental distress? Not sure what you mean by industry but there could be differences between UK and other peer countries. I need you to think as to why/how that could be the case and especially whether it could be due to any flaws regarding the research methods.
APA Format for Articles Submitted:
Ceulemans, M., Foulon, V., Ngo, E., Panchaud, A., Winterfeld, U., Pomar, L., … & Nordeng, H. (2021). Mental health status of pregnant and breastfeeding women during the COVID‐19 pandemic—A multinational cross‐sectional study. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 100(7), 1219-1229.
Kang, L., Ma, S., Chen, M., Yang, J., Wang, Y., Li, R., … & Liu, Z. (2020). Impact on mental health and perceptions of psychological care among medical and nursing staff in Wuhan during the 2019 novel coronavirus disease outbreak: A cross-sectional study. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 87, 11-17.
Greenberg, N., Weston, D., Hall, C., Caulfield, T., Williamson, V., & Fong, K. (2021). Mental health of staff working in intensive care during COVID-19. Occupational Medicine, 71(2), 62-67.
APA formatting looks great, I just made a few minor corrections above.
OVERALL SCORE: 5.5/7