Nursing Research Qualitative Article Review
Lina Awad Grand Canyon UniversityNRS-433V-O503 Introduction to Nursing Research Sheranda Fesler February 20, 2022
Background Of Studies
Both papers are qualitative studies, and they research diabetes patients and medication adherence. Ahmad et al. conducted research on diabetic patients in Australia by observing factors that impacted their medication-taking behaviors. Several factors were identified as crucial in medication adherence among diabetic patients, and one of them was patients’ education about the drugs. The second paper covered the other part of the PICOT question that determined the impact of dietary education on patients. Most of the patients stated that they were only given medication with no education of foods to eat and those to avoid. They were just told to ‘avoid sugar,’ which is insufficient dietary information. The paper will provide a research critique for both documents.
Support For Nursing Issue Identified
Both articles are useful for the nursing practice, and they answer different parts of the PICOT question. The first paper covers medication education for patients and its influence on their adherence. One of the biggest challenges for patients with chronic illnesses is medication adherence. Most of them are given prescriptions that they adhere to for a long time, meaning that errors can occur in between. Patient education on the medication would help them understand why they need to take it regularly (Ahmad et al., 2021). The education should also include the effect of skipping doses on the drug’s efficacy. Such knowledge would compel the patient to take their medication seriously. As a result, the paper would be a great addition to the nursing industry. The second paper covers the importance of dietary education for patients living with the disease. A majority of the patients interviewed claimed that they got insufficient information from their physicians regarding their dietary plans (Giri & Putra, 2020). Studies have shown that diet is as important as medication when treating diabetes. Telling a patient to avoid sugar is not a complete guide on their dietary plan. It will add to the nursing practice by ensuring that patients are given a proper diet plan before leaving the hospital. Interventions evaluated in both articles are similar to those suggested in the PICOT question. The first article suggested medication education for patients to improve medication adherence. Dietary plans were suggested in the second article as part of the intervention to help patients manage their conditions and reduce their blood sugar. Both strategies were suggested in the PICOT question.
Method Of Study
Ahmad et al. used a semi-structured questionnaire to gather information from the patients. It was focused on Indian migrants in Australia who have type 2 diabetes. The questionnaires had several questions, including demographic details and their self-care routines that would be useful when analyzing the results. Face-to-face interviews were also used in addition to questionnaires for willing patients. Giri & Putra used purposive sampling for type 2 diabetes patients in Buleleng across private and public hospitals. Interviews were the primary forms of data collection for the researchers.
A qualitative descriptive research design was used for the first paper. They focus on the cause and effect of an intervention that was well suited for this research paper (Pawar, 2020). It has several advantages, such as the provision for observing research subjects in their natural state and normal environments. Researchers should try not to coerce the subjects into an unnatural state that might influence the validity of the results. One disadvantage is that it provides no statistical backing for the research problem. Statistics help paint a clearer picture for a research problem, and a large enough sample provides irrefutable evidence. A semi-structured interview method was used for the second article. The research method allows the subject to expound on their answers which is valuable for a qualitative study. However, it is time-consuming because the researcher has to arrange sit-downs with all participants, which might be impossible in some cases.
Results Of Study
Ahmad et al. provided crucial findings from their research that showed one of the biggest barriers to intentional lack of medical adherence is negative beliefs on medicine (Ahmad et al., 2021). It showed that patients had a negative perception of the side effects of these drugs. It delayed the initiation for most patients because they experimented with alternatives such as home remedies and herbs. It proves that medication education for patients would be invaluable in convincing the patients to take the hospital medication. Giri & Putra found that most patients did not have comprehensive diet plans to use alongside the medicine (Giri & Putra, 2020). The interviews showed that most patients felt that doctors should give more information on their diets to improve their recovery process. Some of the reasons included limited time spent by the doctor reviewing patients. There are many patients waiting in line, and doctors have to limit individual times with patients to ensure they attend to all patients.
The two studies would be beneficial in nursing practice for several reasons. Medication education would help the patients adhere to their medication plans easing the nurses’ jobs. Nurses are also responsible for taking meals to their inpatients. Dietary plans provided by the physician would guide the patient on the right foods to consume. As a result, it would improve the patient’s chances of recovery.
Several ethical considerations should be observed when conducting research. One of those is the participants’ willingness (Newman et al., 2021). Studies vary in nature and design, which might be comfortable for certain participants and uncomfortable for others. It is the researcher’s mandate to ensure that the participants know the full content of the research design to make a decision on participation. No coercion should be used on the subjects nudging them to participate in the experiment. The second ethical consideration is the age of the participants. Age is a sensitive matter when it comes to research papers because minors can be manipulated or coerced into the study. For any research that involves a minor, there should be a signed consent from the parent or guardian, or the parent should be present during the experiment. This helps ensure that all actions of the study are done by the book.
The study conducted by Ahmad et al. adhered to the age factor during the selection process. One of the basic requirements was for the participants to be above eighteen years old. Giri and Putra did not specify the age of the participants selected in the study. Their criteria included that patients selected had to have suffered from diabetes for more than a year, which is vague on the age factor. Both papers adhered to the willing participation from the participants. This is stated in the requirements when selecting the participants that they have to read the research contents and be comfortable with all of them. It ensures that participants are not thrust into uncomfortable situations without their knowledge. Ethical considerations are the basis of any research paper, and they should be respected when engaging with participants. All activities should be done by the book to avoid the violation of these considerations.
Ahmad, A., Khan, M. U., & Aslani, P. (2021). A Qualitative Study On Medication Taking Behaviour Among People With Diabetes In Australia. Frontiers In Pharmacology, 12.
Giri, M. K. W., & Putra, A. (2020). Perceptions And Needs Among Diabetes Patients: A Qualitative Study. In 3rd International Conference On Innovative Research Across Disciplines (ICIRAD 2019) (Pp. 202-208). Atlantis Press.
Newman, P. A., Guta, A., & Black, T. (2021). Ethical Considerations For Qualitative Research Methods During The COVID-19 Pandemic And Other Emergency Situations: Navigating The Virtual Field. International Journal Of Qualitative Methods, 20, 16094069211047823.
Pawar, Neelam. (2020). 6. Type Of Research And Type Research Design. SN- ISBN-13 (15) 978-81-948755-8-1