Sample Synthesis Matrix Synthesis Matrix Synthesis is an important part of writing

Sample Synthesis Matrix
Synthesis Matrix
Synthesis is an important part of writing a literature review paper or a research paper. A synthesis matrix is a chart or a table that is used to organize research information (i.e., study results/findings) across multiple research sources or research/empirical articles.
The synthesis matrix chart/table
allows the writer to keep or save all of the key information from the research or empirical articles in one place
helps to keep resources organized
provides a visual representation of the main ideas found in the literature
shows where the ideas across various research sources (e.g., empirical articles) overlap
helps to integrate different sources together on the topic of the paper and synthesize the research information
helps in different writing phases (e.g., writing a synthesis paragraph, outlining the different sections of the paper, etc.)
Create a synthesis matrix. (See Sample Synthesis Matrix.)
Access your summary paragraphs.
Compare and contrast the research information across your summary paragraphs.
Identify common themes and/or ideas/messages across the research information from your summary paragraphs.
Complete the matrix chart by adding the relevant research information.
In the left column, list the sources according to APA style in-text citation.
On the top row, list common ideas/themes across the research information from your summary paragraphs.
Use the information in your synthesis matrix chart to write your synthesis paragraphs. (See Sample Synthesis Paragraph.)
Sample Synthesis Matrix
Topic/Issue: Association between social media use and psychological well-being (e.g., depression) in emerging adulthood
Sample Synthesis Matrix
Common Idea/Theme:
Direct Association
Common Idea/Theme:
No Direct Association
Common Idea/Theme:
Active Social Media Use
Common Idea/Theme:
Type of Social Media Use: Passive Usage
Common Idea/Theme:
Personality  Characteristics
Michikyan (2019)
Emerging adults with higher depression were two times as likely to disclose negative emotions online and were
three times as likely to
disclose various hassles online
Findings were based on negative emotional disclosures and the kinds of negative experiences in emotional disclosure
Active Facebook users
were almost two times more likely than less active users to disclose negative academic experiences.
Jelenchick, Eickhoff, and Moreno (2013)
No significant link between frequency of social media use and depression among emerging adults
Online activities: academic
work, chatting, e-mailing, gaming,
Number of minutes,
internet browsing, streaming media
Tandoc, Ferrucci, and Duffy (2015).
No significant direct relationship
between Facebook use frequency and depression among emerging adults
Frequency of active Facebook use: write a status update; post photos; comment on a friend’s post
Facebook surveillance frequency: reading the ‘newsfeed;’ reading a friend’s status update;
viewing a friend’s photo; and browsing a friend’s timeline
Heavy Facebook users experienced stronger feelings of envy
Envy mediated Facebook surveillance and depression
Note. Create as many columns and rows as needed as you identify common ideas/themes across your summary paragraphs. Some blank cells or boxes in the matrix are to be expected, as not all sources will have common ideas/themes across research findings.