SELF-SERVING ATTRIBUTION 1 Case study on self-serving attributes theory Sahara Chandler Capella

SELF-SERVING ATTRIBUTION 1
Case study on self-serving attributes theory
Sahara Chandler
Capella University
Case study on self-serving attributes theory
Summary of the case study
A self-serving bias is a common habit that needs a lot of consciousness for an individual to be overcome since one takes credit for the positive outcomes of an event while they wish away the negative outcome. They often blame the outside factors for the negative outcomes on others. This affects the cultural, clinical, and all other behavioral tendencies in a varied population group. Social psychology has been a lucrative field for researchers to dig deep into the matters that affect society to help understand and explain social behavior. There are so many measures and theories that have been employed from different perspectives to understand these social influences.
One such factor is the use of the self-serving attribution biases theory to understand the behavior of a group of people in the urban areas of Spain. For the best result and maximum cooperation, the target population was informed, and most of them volunteered towards the provision of the intended responses. Interestingly, the employees who participated in the whole process gave their best, knowing that the best result could also help them change their lives. From the result of the research, it was interesting to note that self-serving attribution biases experience not only gives a relation of emotional distress to but also gives the personal fulfillment that affects balance and life satisfaction. Therefore, the self-serving attribution theory is essential for evaluating the psychological health of individuals when posed with stressful situations of life.
Relevant credible and scholarly sources to the theory
Strauman, T. J. (2017). Self-regulation and psychopathology: Toward an integrative translational research paradigm. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 13(1), 497-523. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045012
Strauman presents his idea about self-serving attribution biases as a framework that manifests different psychopathology conceptualized as dysfunctions in the modalities of self-regulation. The work presents the theory as an ongoing process of managing individual goal actualizations while facing internal, interpersonal, and surrounding conditions that may affect the intended goals. The framework that the author proposes admits that self-control is a critical pointer for the proximal influence on the cognitive, motivational, emotional, and behavior that is dependent on the genetic makeup of the individual. This affects the temperament, neurophysiological tendencies, socialization, and the general history of the individual development. The use of psychological theories is of the essence in self-regulation upon which integrated study of the individual behavior is dependent. According to this author, it must be remembered that a unique conceptualization platform for understanding psychopathology must be presented to explain depression as an example of the internal discomforts that one experiences.
Strohminger, N., Knobe, J., & Newman, G. (2017). The true self: A psychological concept distinct from the self. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 12(4), 551-560. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691616689495
According to the authors of this work, there has been a long tradition of psychological research that is often carried to lay bare the variation between different characteristics that are part of the self that is seen in behavior, and that is deep inside in the reflective nature of this the population under investigations. Although most people tend to hide most things that affect them, the inner turbulence is easily seen in the type of behavior they portray in the behavior in general. The true self of the person is always known when a self-asserting situation comes into play. For all those that are victims of SSAB, there are possibilities that even if, deep down, they would wish to hide what is going on within when provoked with a situation that needs to assert their ego, they cannot hide the pride that lies within. In this work, the authors introduce the concept of the true self and identity features that differentiate people’s understanding of the true identity and the understanding of general human nature. The authors consider most of the recent research findings that pay much attention to the individual from the actor-observer invariant along with the cross-culturally stable characteristics. They conclude their work by giving a possible explanation as to why the findings have particular implications on a person in relation to different psychological issues.
Application and explanation of social psychological theory of researches to the case study
There are two ways that psychologists look at the attribution theory concerning people’s actions. The two perspectives can be from external factors that are situational dependent and the internal causes of personal dispositions. However, it is always not just enough to look at the attribution and let them be. The researchers attempt to advance modalities that can help the said individuals pull through the challenges. Most of them put the best theory into action is the positive cognitive reconstructing theory (Pot-Kolder, 2017). The cognitive reconstructing theorist helps people notice and work towards changing their negative thinking patterns that affect their judgment of the situation or the self-imposed negativities. When thought patterns of people become destructive that leads to self-defeating tendencies, the person must be helped to interrupt the evil thought and e assisted in directing them to positive use.
When the theory is related to research in other fields of psychology, such as problem-solving strategies, one is assured of the reduced levels of self-serving tendencies that interfere with their thinking patterns (Gardner, 2019). The individual does not only discover the negativities that the mind is inclined to; there follow the ability to analyze and solve the problem without seeing them as caused by other people. The cognitive process of the mind searches for solutions rather than an attempt to reach their destined demands of individual goals.
Ethical reasoning to the case study
In the whole process of the study, it is not all about getting the result for the research. There is a great need for the researchers to remember that all the population they use if the research is human beings who have feelings. It, therefore, means that in dealing with them, all the ethical issues must be at the forefront. All those that fall bait to the self-serving attribution biases must be reminded that though all that they do are unconscious, their decisions affect the wellbeing of others and must therefore adhere to the guidelines of the moral standards (Pot-Kolder, 2017). If they constantly continue to ignore their responsibility and attribute them to others, others may alienate them that may cause further problems.
Critical reasoning in the case study
Although the study has paid much attention to coping with the situations that affect self-serving individuals, more research must be done to understand where there is overlap for theories to close all the gaps. It is admissible that the research does not deny the causes of the problem; there is a need to understand the relation between the coping strategies or reconstructing the cognitive to the SSAB. There is no proper model that can prove that the proposed strategies can help the individual cope with the situation to become better in the future and not to fall into the trap once again (Gardner, 2019). The research ought to bridge the gap between the variables, both the coping strategy and the mediated variables. The researchers should focus on doing the field studies to find the possible causes; it must transcend to get the best solution for the people affected by SSAB. Theories only have meaning if they can offer a substantive solution to the societal problems and not just remaining as principles in the books for the researchers to follow.
There is a great need for society to address the problem while considering all the possible factors that may always lead one to portray such tendencies. Although there is always a link between self-esteem and self-serving biases, the biases are the backbone of this theory. Interestingly, the psychologist has identified several factors that may be causing the problem, yet they pay little attention to getting the solution (Pot-Kolder, 2017). It should be a civic education for all members of society, at whatever level that it is essential to give credit where it is due while correct in a fraternal way in times of error. When one identified an area of weakness, either by self or with the aid of others, then they should be given assistance to pull through. The bias can even be for the self when a good opportunity is not put into good use, or even when a problem is not faced to its conclusion. This should be a practice among all members of society for it to be a reality.
References
Gardner, W. L., Karam, E. P., Tribble, L. L., & Cogliser, C. C. (2019). The missing link? Implications of internal, external, and relational attribution combinations for leader–member exchange, relationship work, self‐work, and conflict. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 40(5), 554-569. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.2349
Pot-Kolder, R., Veling, W., Counotte, J., & Van der Gaag, M. (2017). Self-reported cognitive biases moderate the associations between social stress and paranoid ideation in a virtual reality experimental study. Schizophrenia Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbx119
Strauman, T. J. (2017). Self-regulation and psychopathology: Toward an integrative translational research paradigm. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 13(1), 497-523. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045012
Strohminger, N., Knobe, J., & Newman, G. (2017). The true self: A psychological concept distinct from the self. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 12(4), 551-560. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691616689495