Soap Homework Which chemical would not be used in a saponification reaction

Soap Homework
Which chemical would not be used in a saponification reaction to make soap?
a. vegetable oil b. fats. c. CaCO3 d. NaOH e. H2SO4
2. Which is not an ionic compound?
a. Soap b. Fat c. NaOH d. CaCO3
3. Which of the following chemically describes soap?
a. cationic detergent b. sodium salt of a fatty acid
c. potassium salt of carbonate ion d. anionic detergent
4. Which of the following is not basic?
a. castor oil b. Ca(OH)2 c. CaCO3 d. NaOH e. lye
5. Match the pH to the substance (all or nothing)
pH 1 pH 14 pH 7
____concentrated NaOH ____concentrated H2SO4 ____pure water
6. 2 points Write an equation for: (you can copy from lab )
The chemical effect of hard water on soap. (in your answer, please circle soap scum)
The chemical effect of acid on soap
7. Why does acid stop soap from lathering?
8. In the old days, soap was made from:
a. rose petals b. ashes and fat c. lily of the valley d. ginger
9. Fill in blanks: The cleansing action of soap occurs because the long chain ________________ part is ____________. It is able to clean oily things, like ______________. The COO- Na+ part, being ionic, is soluble in ______________________.
The cleansing action then involves one end of the soap molecule cleaning the grease and dirt off your hands or clothes, while the other end of the soap molecule allows water to flush the molecule away.
1. Another word for preparing soap by reaction of castor oil with NaOH is
a. reduction b. metathesis c. calcification d. saponification
2. Soap is an ionic compound, True or False?
3. In our lab, what is the cation (positive ion) of our soap?
4. The anion of soap isa. sulfate anion b. hydroxide anion c. fatty acid anion d. calcium anion e. phosphate anion
5. Pure soap is basic. — True or false
6. Which is another name for soap
a. sodium stearate b. hydroxide c. castor oil d. calcium chloride
7. When a student adds HCl to soap, it makes
a. sodium stearate, which makes suds in water
b. fatty acid, which does not makes suds in water
c. hydroxide anion which does not makes suds in water
d. fatty acid anion which makes suds in water
8. When a student adds Ca(NO3)2 to soap, it makes
a. calcium stearate, which makes suds in water
b. fatty acid, which does not makes suds in water
c. sodium stearate, which makes suds in water
d. calcium stearate, does not makes suds in water
9. SYNTHETIC DETERGENTS have these advantages over soap except which one?
a. they are not alkaline
b. they are less likely to form scum
c. They are inexpensive
d. They contain iron