This assignment will be submitted to Turnitin®. Instructions The Learning Reflection Journal

This assignment will be submitted to Turnitin®.
Instructions
The Learning Reflection Journal is a compilation of weekly learning reflections you’ll independently write about across Weeks 2, 3, 5, 6 and 7. During each of the assigned weeks, you will write two paragraphs, each 300 words in length (i.e., 600 words total). The first paragraph will describe a topic that you found particularly interesting during that week and what made it interesting, and the second paragraph will describe something that you have observed occurring in the real world that exemplified that topic. Only one topic may be recorded in the journal for each assigned week and your observed real word occurrence must be clearly related to it.
In week 7, these five journal entries will be submitted together, merging these weekly experiences into a single document. The summary document should conclude with an additional two summary paragraphs (500 hundred words in length), integrating your thoughts and insights about the experience.
Due Date
Aug 22, 2021 11:55 PM
Week 2: Personality theories today
Good Evening everyone,
The theory I selected is the Individual Psychology, developed by Alfred Adler. To summarize Individual Psychology briefly, children begin life with feelings of inferiority toward their parents, as well as toward the whole world. The child’s life becomes an ongoing effort to overcome this inferiority, and the child is continuously restless. As the child seeks superiority it creatively forms goals, even if the ultimate goal is a fictional representation of achieving superiority. Indeed, Adler believed that it is impossible to think, feel, will, or act without the perception of some goal, and that every psychological phenomenon can only be understood if it is regarded as preparation for some goal. Thus, the person’s entire life becomes centered on a given plan for attaining the final goal (whatever that may be). Such a perspective must be uniquely individual, since each person’s particular childhood feelings of inferiority, creative style of life, and ultimate goals would be unique to their own experiences (Adler, 1914/1963). If we think about how children when they are young, are always trying to mimic what their parent are doing. The parents are the “model” they are trying to follow; and better yet, the model they are trying to be better than. Another way to put it, more often than not, we hear conversation of adults try to be better parents, that their parents were to them. And while times have change, and such, we should be somehow different that our parents, there’s always something that could have been done better by then, that you will try to do for your own kids.
References:
Kelland, M. (2017, July 07). Personality Theory. OER Commons. Retrieved July 14, 2021, from https://www.oercommons.org/authoring/22859-personality-theory.
Week 3: Nature v Nurture
Good evening everyone,
Listening to Dr. Laurence Steinberg opinion on the theory of Nature Vs Nurture takes me back to when I took another psychology class long time ago, and I had to explain why, nurture was more impactful than nature in ones life. Then, I remember giving the example of my little sister. She was adopted, and had been with our family since she was three months old. She had so many of my personality traits growing up. Even though we were raised in the same household, a lot of our childhood experiences have been virtually different. When I was a child, I remember always having a house full of people. My mother will want to help anyone that needed help and we found ourselves with a lot of “cousins”. My father was also alive and full of energy. In contrast, by the time my sister was five years old, my father had passed away, all of our siblings were out of the house, and that left my sister with my mother and aunt alone in the house. So, why was my sister and I so similar in the way we behave? Back then, I argued it was the environment we were raised. Now, I don’t know so much. Thinking back, couldn’t possibly have the same experiences, especially, losing a father at an early age in life.
Being in the military, we are always working for someone or have someone working for us. As we move up in rank, we are placed in position of authority. While all that is true, I have learn that some people, are very fast in adapting to those positions; while others, take a little longer and little molding. In our office, we have to people that advance in rank at the same time. One is a very assertive person, the one other one not so much. It is so clear, the he doesn’t feel comfortable being a leader, that the people he is in charge of, question everything he says. I don’t think that makes him a bad leader, on the contrary, I think in the future, it will make him a very good leader. However, he is the kind of person that needs to see things being done, and experience them. Have a “role model” and be just like that person he admires or strive to like.
Week 5: Humanistic and Existential Perspectives
Good evening everyone,
Humanism emphasizes human potential and an individual’s ability to change, and rejects the idea of biological determinism. This perspective focuses on empathy and good human behavior. A humanistic approach would urge a person that perceives their life as boring to take a look at themselves and see what is missing. What is the thing that makes them happy. Sometimes, something as simple as reading, might be the answer to their question.
The existential theory recognizes the power of the individual to choose their actions. In this theory, we have more power of the outcome of the situation, by assessing it, and make the best decision for a positive outcome.
Rogers’s most prominent philosophical assumption was that human beings are inherently good. Humans tend to morph depending on the situation they are in. They adapt. If you are raised in an environment where nobody uses profanity, there is a high chance you will not use profanity as well.
Because the existential theory recognizes the power we have to choose, to make a stand, in times of crisis, it forces us to reevaluate our values and belief. Take gender equality for example, if you the CEO of a company and you recognize the disparities between male and females, you will make the changes necessary to make sure everyone is treated the same. If they have the qualification for a job, they are afforded the same opportunities and resources as their male counterpart because they are the best person for the job, not because of their gender.
Nancy
Week 6: Gender Differences in Personality
Good evening everyone,
In order to try to understand a little about this complex and controversial topic, I was reading about Karen Horney. While Horney followed much of Sigmund Freud’s theory, she disagreed with his views on female psychology. She rejected his concept of penis envy, a theory in which he believed the reason young girls experienced anxiety was because they did not have a penis; she declared it to be both inaccurate and demeaning to women. Horney instead proposed the concept of womb envy in which men experience feelings of inferiority because they cannot give birth to children. By agreeing with Freud’s theory, I believe is like saying that young girls strive to be boys. The question is why? Did he think that men where the superior species? While I understand that times have change, I can’t help to think about a few instances, in which I was personally label as the “soft person” of the chain of command at my last command. I was the only female of the trio. However, I don’t think that I am a “soft person”, and frankly the label did not bother me. What bothered me was the only reason they label me soft, was because I was the only one the “listened” to the sailor that worked for us. It is impossible for us to get to the bottom of sailors behaviors if, we don’t dive into the root of the problem. And I get it, is hard to tend to every single one of their needs. I still we owe it to them to at least listen to them, even if we are not the ones that will ultimately help them. Sometimes, humans, just need a person to hear them out, even is you are there in silence. Old school people in the military often just care about the mission, and not the personnel carrying it. I think, that is what makes men and women different. We are by nature, full of nurture. While in my experience men are more practical. On the other hand, I don’t fully agree with Horney’s womb envy theory, that men feel inferior because they cannot carry children. Logically, women cannot impregnate themselves, thus making this theory inaccurate.
Nancy
Good evening everyone,
The two theories I choose are Humanistic and Psychoanalytic .
Humanistic psychology is a perspective that emphasizes looking at the whole individual and stresses concepts such as free will, self-efficacy, and self-actualization. Rather than concentrating on dysfunction, humanistic psychology strives to help people fulfill their potential and maximize their well-being. This theory believes that people are naturally good, and in order to help them reach their full potential we have to able to understand them. An example of this theory is a drug dealer. Historically, drug dealer usually get involved in the business because their financial situation. The kid that lives in the project, and is surrounded by that life, more that likely will resort to the same, if he is faced with financial struggles that according to them, can only be solved by doing this, because they already tried doing it the “right way” and it did not work. Now they are left with no other choice than to become drug dealers.
Founded by the Austrian neurologist and physician Sigmund Freud, psychoanalytic theory is a framework for understanding the impact of the unconscious on thoughts, feelings, and behavior. Simply put is the analysis of the human psyque. Psychoanalytic theory focuses on the mind-body connection to personality. Freud believed that the mind is made of two parts: the conscious mind and the unconscious mind and that the unconscious mind often prompts people to make certain decisions even if they don’t recognize that they are doing so on a conscious level. For Example, If someone is does believe in marriage, there is a large possibility that this person comes from a family where his parents divorced; therefore that is the reason he doesn’t believe in marriage.
Nancy