Week 4 Assignment: Understanding ANOVA and t-distributions PBHE520 Top of Form Instructions

Week 4 Assignment: Understanding ANOVA and t-distributions PBHE520
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Instructions
You will define how an Analysis of Variance and t-distributions are used in biostatistics. This internet exercise assignment should be at least 450 words and no more than 1-1/2 pages long. You will need to cite within the text and have a reference section in APA format (current edition) as well as adhere to standard writing for graduate level. Provide SPSS code used to generate t-test and ANOVA results. You may use our Household Data to produce these results. You must include your SPSS code and your output directly in submission. Simply create an appendix in the paper and place the code there. Remember these same statistical models could be used for the final paper. So, practice these steps this week.
For example, if you use the mean, provide SPSS code (copy-paste) or share steps to produce mean for that particular variable. Use this website to learn more about how to use SPSS or refer to the Help section with your SPSS software. For example to find the mean of a variable consider reviewing this step-by-step guide for t-tests. ANOVA consider this example or use the Help feature within the software.
You must attach a paper containing your submission to this assignment so it can be checked via Turnitin.
Step 1: You will define t distributions from your textbook and/or various sources first. You are demonstrating that you understood the concept .You are going to define this in 2-3 sentences by using your textbook and/or other sources.
Step 2: You are going to pick an article that utilized the concept of ANOVA and t-distributions. To review these articles, visit the APUS library. Or, you want to take a look at the following sites to select your article:
Journal of Public Health
European Journal of Public Health 
American Journal of Epidemiology
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Clinical Infectious Diseases 
Health Promotion International
Step 3: Thoroughly READ the article and TAKE notes.
Step 4: Complete the writing of your summary with a review of this article. In your assessment of this article, you MUST provide how the researchers used the statistical concept in their research by doing the following: 1) Explain the sample (i.e., population used), 2) Summarize the statistical analysis and what software or analysis package was used and 3) Evaluate and describe the results and conclusions in your own words. It is very important that you are able to paraphrase and apply critical thinking in each of these assignments. You MUST provide the statistics used in the research article and cannot simply state the researchers used the statistical concept. This can be done by providing the results or figures, graphs, tables, etc.
Please make sure you cite within the text in APA format (current edition) and have a reference section!
Criteria
Exemplary
Accomplished
Developing
Beginning
Did not attempt
Criterion Score
FOUNDATION OF KNOWLEDGE
25 points
Student demonstrates proficient command of the subject matter in the assignment. Assignment shows an impressive level of depth of student’s ability to relate course content to practical examples and applications. Student provides comprehensive analysis of details, facts, and concepts in a logical sequence.
20 points
Student exhibits above average usage of subject matter in the assignment. Student provides above average ability in relating course content in examples given. Details and facts presented provide an adequate presentation of student’s current level of subject matter knowledge.
17.5 points
Student exhibits a general and average understanding of subject matter in the assignment. Whereas, there are areas of some concerning in the linkages provided between facts and supporting statements. Student generally explains concepts, but only meets the minimum requirements in this area. 
15 points
Student tries to explain some concepts, but overlooks critical details. Assignment appears vague or incomplete in various segments. Student presents concepts in isolation, and does not perceive to have a logical sequencing of ideas.
0 points
Did not attempt
Score of FOUNDATION OF KNOWLEDGE,/ 25
SYNTHESIS OF KNOWLEDGE
25 points
Student exhibits a defined and clear understanding of the assignment. Topic is clearly defined and thesis is well-constructed to help guide the reader throughout the assignment. Student builds upon the thesis of the assignment with well-documented and exceptional supporting facts, figures, and/or statements.
20 points
Student establishes a good comprehension of topic and in the building of the assignment. Student demonstrates an effective presentation with most support statements helping to support the key focus of assignment.
17.5 points
Student exhibits a basic understanding of the intended assignment, but the thesis is not fully supported throughout the assignment. Some difficulty in seeing linkages between thoughts. While student has included a few supporting facts and statements, this has limited the quality of the assignment.
15 points
Student exhibits a limited understanding of the assignment. Reader is unable to follow the logic used for the thesis and development of key themes. Introduction of thesis is not clearly evident, and reader must look deeper to discover the focus of the writer. Student’s writing is weak in the inclusion of supporting facts or statements.
0 points
Did not attempt
Score of SYNTHESIS OF KNOWLEDGE,/ 25
APPLICATION OF KNOWLEDGE
25 points
Student demonstrates a higher-level of critical thinking necessary for graduate level work. Learner provides a strategic approach in presenting examples of problem solving or critical thinking, while drawing logical conclusions which are not immediately obvious. Student provides well-supported ideas and reflection with a variety of current and/or world views in the assignment. Student presents a genuine intellectual development of ideas throughout assignment.
20 points
Student exhibits a good command of critical thinking skills in the presentation of material and supporting statements. Assignment demonstrates the student’s above average use of relating concepts by using a variety of factors. Overall, student provides adequate conclusions, with 2 or fewer errors.
17.5 points
Student takes a common, conventional approach in guiding the reader through various linkages and connections presented in assignment. However, student presents a limited perspective on key concepts throughout assignment. Student appears to have problems applying information in a problem-solving manner.
15 points
Student demonstrates beginning understanding of key concepts, but overlooks critical details. Learner is unable to apply information in a problem-solving fashion. Student presents confusing statements and facts in assignment. No evidence or little semblance of critical thinking skills.
0 points
Did not attempt
Score of APPLICATION OF KNOWLEDGE,/ 25
Writing Skill
15 points
Student demonstrates an excellent command of grammar, as well as presents research in a clear and concise writing style. Presents a thorough, extensive understanding of word usage. Student excels in the selection and development of a well-planned assignment with error-free and reflects student’s ability to prepare graduate-level writing. APA formatting guidelines followed with no errors in citations. Incorporate a variety of resources with at least 3 academic references.
12 points
Student provides an effective display of good writing and grammar. Assignment reflects student’s ability to select appropriate word usage and presents an above-average presentation of a given topic or issue. Assignment appears to be well written with no more than 1-2 grammatical errors. Student provides a good final product that covers the above-minimal requirements. APA format; 1-2 errors in citation. Incorporate less than 3 academic references.
10.5 points
Assignment reflects basic writing and grammar, but with more than 5 grammatical errors. Key terms and concepts are somewhat vague and not completely explained. Student uses a basic vocabulary in assignment. Student’s writing ability is average, but demonstrates a basic understanding of the subject matter. APA format, but with several omissions and with more than 2 errors in citation. Incorporate less than 3 academic references.
9 points
Topics, concepts, and ideas are not coherently discussed or expressed in assignments. Student’s writing style is weak and needs improvement, along with numerous proofreading errors. Assignment lacks clarity, consistency, and correctness. Student needs to review and revise assignment. Several grammatical errors. APA format not used and errors throughout paper & citations. Lack of appropriate references or source materials; The paper is not of acceptable quality for graduate-level work.
0 points
Did not attempt
Score of Writing Skill,/ 15
ORGANIZATION OF IDEAS/FORMAT
10 points
Student thoroughly understands and excels in explaining all major points. An original, unique, and/or imaginative approach to overall ideas, concepts, and findings is presented. Overall format of assignment includes an appropriate introduction, well-developed paragraphs, and conclusion. Finished assignment demonstrates student’s ability to plan, and be organized in a logical sequence.
8 points
Student explains the majority of points and concepts in the assignment. Learner demonstrates a good skill level in formatting and organizing material in assignment. Student presents an above average level of preparedness, with few formatting errors.
7 points
Student applies some points and concepts incorrectly. Student uses a variety of formatting styles, with some inconsistencies throughout the paper. Assignment does not have a continuous pattern of logical sequencing.
6 points
Assignment reveals formatting errors and a lack of organization. Student presents an incomplete attempt to provide linkages or explanation of key terms.
0 points
Did not attempt
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