Week 7 – Proposed Chapter Structure IRP STRUCTURE: 1) QM coversheet –

Week 7 – Proposed Chapter Structure
1) QM coversheet – available on QM+                      Overall 5000 words +/- 10%   
    Make sure its anonymous   
2)  Title of assignment – without student name but put your student ID  
3)  Abstract (200-300) words.  – Not included in word count    
4)  Contents page   
5)  Start of main body of writing   
Chapter one - INTRODUCTION        300-500 words   
– page numbering starts on this page    
– word count starts with the first word of the introduction   
Chapter two - LITERATURE REVIEW         minimum 1500 words   
Chapter three - METHODOLOGY              700-1000 words   
Chapter four – FINDINGS.      1000-1500 words   
This could be combined with the discussions chapter   
Words within tables/graphs and their titles are NOT included in the word count   
Chapter five - DISCUSSION.  1000-1500 words.   
a very strong discussion section is likely to be awarded a distinction    
a good discussion will make reference to the literature review chapter    
Chapter 6 -   CONCLUSION  - end of word count                           300-500 words   
References – A-Z by lead author’s surname   
            – do not number references   
            – all references must be cited in the main text   
            – Harvard referencing system (no footnotes)   
     -     Include raw data collected from questionnaire/interview (HSS)   
Include the log file (F&E only) (week 6 submission)   
All appendices must be cited in the main text   
Appendices are cited as “Appendix 1” or “Appendix A”   
Appendices include data which is more indirectly related to
the research but which cannot be included in the main body
due to word count restrictions   
ABSTRACT – 200-300 words
Introduction/background – establishes the context for the study
Purpose – Indicates the purpose, the argument, theory, or principal activity, its scope, and outlines the intention behind the study
Method – Provides information on design, procedures, assumptions, data etc.
Significant findings – states the main findings, the argument, or what was accomplished
Conclusion – Interprets or extends the results, draws inferences, points to implications, makes a recommendation.
INTRODUCTION – 300-500 words
Pre-amble – the bigger picture 
Background theory – mini lit review outlining the theoretical basis for the study 
Aim – objectives and hypotheses (don’t include the model here) 
Justification/Rationale/gap – positioning yourself in the literature 
Outline / project map – briefly orientates the reader to what’s coming next 
LITERATURE REVIEW – minimum 1500 words
There is no fixed structure but you will need to indicate a clear introduction and conclusion.  An overall structure will be as follows but you have freedom to define the body as appropriate to the aims of your research:    
Introduction – sets the scene, defines the scope and limitations of the work 
Subsection ) 
Subsection ) – builds up key arguments based on your reading and
Subsection )     interpretation of the literature
Conclusion – summarises key arguments and outlines how the literature review relates to the work of your study and what you will try to show or test (the research question(s)).   
Road map – It is useful to provide an overview of the structure of the whole IRP in one paragraph at the end of the literature review.  This helps to orientate the reader to what is to come.   e.g. This study is divided into 5 parts….. 
Identifies and includes the most relevant and significant research on the topic 
Discusses and evaluates research  
Identifies recognised experts 
Contextualises and justifies your aim(s) and objectives(s) 
Considers and discusses research that supports and opposes your ideas 
Justifies points made logically with valid evidence 
Distinguishes between fact and opinion 
Includes research that has been published since the start of the project 
References all sources fully  
METHODOLOGY CHAPTER – 700-1000 words
3.1 Hypothesis / hypotheses  
3.2 Research design – Brief survey of previous methodology in this area 
3.3 Data source – Description of the data –  Reliability of the data – Sample – Population – Sampling technique  
3.4 Regression model – Variables – Testing of the model  
FINDINGS CHAPTER – 1000-1500 words
1. The results of the research in the form of tables and figures.
2. Each table or figure must be titled and numbered.
3. Each table or figure must be accompanied by a written summary which:
describes the information shown on it.
highlights features of outstanding interest or relevance.
draws some straightforward conclusions relevant to the hypotheses.
4. Include NOTHING ELSE other than your findings (consider what will be left for the Discussion.)
5. DO NOT –
…simply repeat all the details in words,
…attempt to cover all the information, or
…claim more than is reasonable or defensible.
6. On what basis should you choose how to display your results?
In a way that best highlights your most interesting and relevant findings
In a way that is clearest for the reader
In a way that is consistent, and which therefore allows for comparison with other results in the section (if necessary).
DISCUSSION CHAPTER – 1000-1500 words
This chapter may be integrated with the Findings chapter.
 Refer to the literature – comparison with other studies from your literature review – consistent or counterintuitive findings 
Your contribution to the topic/field – where you add value to the discussion 
State the significance of your data. Draw meaning from it and provide evidence from your data – by referring back to the findings section (if it is a separate chapter) where you describe your data. 
Limitations – how you might run the experiment again.  What changes you would make.  
Implications of your study – why your study is important in the real world; how does it help to solve real-world problems 
Recommendations – your suggestions for real-world actions which would implement your findings.  Or suggestions for further research if more work needs to be done to answer the research question. 
CONCLUSION – 300-500 words
Introduction – lead the reader into the final chapter briefly explaining what is to come.  
Summary of IRP – rephrase your main findings and their significance.  Make sure the reader is left with a clear message. 
Limitations – concede that some improvements could be made but only briefly as emphasising any weaknesses in the research weakens the whole argument what you are putting forward.   
Recommendations – end on a positive, constructive tone suggesting the next step in the story…