Week 8: Final Exam Instructions The final exam is an five (5)

Week 8: Final Exam
The final exam is an five (5) question essay exam. This exam is cumulative and includes questions from material throughout the course. It is due the last day of class. 
Please answer each question in a complete and comprehensive essay with a minimum of 400-500 words. Your work will be run through TurnItIn. It is expected that you use your own ideas and proper citations. Quoted material should be minimal or not used. An essay is usually defined as a short piece of writing. Therefore, an essay is written in paragraph form with attention to grammar and spelling.  It should be concise and should directly address the question(s). Do not include information that is off-topic. 
You should refer to your lesson and in-class readings and resources to answer the questions. Outside sources may be used but you will be graded on the credibility and academic nature of the sources. You are required to cite any sources that you use. Proper in-text citations should be used and a references section at the end of each question. 
Each question is worth 10 points. If spelling, grammar, and proper references are not at graduate level, points will be deducted. Plagiarized or extended quoted material will not count as your work and no points will be awarded. 
Please use separate pages for each question response. Copy and paste the question before answering it so it is clear what question you are addressing. You may submit as a Word doc or a PDF. You must have a TurnItIn score for the exam to be graded. 
Environmental Policy
List and define the stages of the policy cycle including what and who is involved. Explain how environmental health research is a component of the policy cycle. How does environmental health research contribute to the implementation of sound environmental policies? Discuss one major environmental law and its effects. 
Choose one question to answer. (if both are answered, only first answer will be graded)
Apply the Hierarchy of Occupational Hazard Controls to a specific occupational hazard agent. Choose a specific agent of your choice and discuss each of the levels individually with control measures. If there is not a control in place at a specific level, discuss why. (Your answer cannot be hypothetical. You must provide references for the controls you discuss.)
Why do we need to be concerned about injuries? Discuss the significance of unintentional injuries for morbidity and mortality globally and in the United States. How do unintentional injuries rank in comparison with other causes of mortality? Describe the potential economic, social, and emotional costs of unintentional injuries.
Choose one question to answer. (if both are answered, only first answer will be graded)
Discuss drinking water in the United States. Where does the water come from? Describe the four stages of water treatment. Which step is critical for deactivation of potential pathogens? What potential pathogens are deactivated by this step and which have the potential to survive (give specific organisms)? What agency regulates drinking water in the U.S.?
Describe waste management in the U.S. What are the methods for reduction of wastes? What are benefits and hazards associated with the different methods for waste management? How does waste in the U.S. affect developing countries?
Climate Change
What are human health effects due to climate change? What chronic and communicable diseases are increasing due to climate change? What steps can be taken as a population (not individual) to reduce climate change due to anthropogenic sources?  How do international treaties address global climate change?
Food Safety
5. Discuss microbial sources of foodborne illness and the risk factors for foodborne illness. Describe methods used for the prevention of foodborne illnesses and what type of food microorganisms they can kill. In your discussion, include viruses vs. bacteria vs. worms vs. other agents and how they vary. Also, discuss HACCP.